By Susan Pinker
Now to be had in paperback from psychologist and award- winningcolumnistSusanPinker, the groundbreaking and contro- versial publication that's “lively, good- written...important and timely” (The Washington Post).
In this “ringing salvo within the sex-difference wars” (The ny instances Book Review), Pinker examines how fundamental sex differences play out over the lifestyles span. by means of comparing fragile boys who succeed later in life with excessive- achieving women who decide out or plateau in their careers,
Pinker turns numerous assumptions the wrong way up: that ladies and males are biologically identical, that intelligence is all it takes to prevail, and that girls are only models of fellows, with exact pursuits and pursuits. In full of life prose, Pinker publications readers in the course of the most modern findings in neuro- technology and economics whereas addressing those questions: Are men the extra fragile intercourse? Which intercourse is the happiest at paintings? Why do a little male
college dropouts earn greater than the intense women who sat beside them in 3rd grade? The solutions to those questions are the other of what we expect.
A provocative and illuminating exam of ways and why studying and behavioral gaps within the nursery are reversed within the boardroom, this fascinat- ing booklet unearths how intercourse range- ences impression profession offerings and ambition. in the course of the tales of actual women and men, technology, and examples from pop culture, Susan Pinker takes a brand new examine the diversities among men and women.
Read or Download The Sexual Paradox: Men, Women and the Real Gender Gap PDF
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Additional info for The Sexual Paradox: Men, Women and the Real Gender Gap
Psychologists can overload the human operator by presenting lights that blink faster than he or she can respond. Thus, this simple physical situation in a laboratory allows the psychologist to study failure of attention in a carefully controlled environment. In addition to the obvious safety benefits of studying attention without having to crash airplanes, there are many scientific advantages to the laboratory environment (see Chapter 3). Because failures of attention are responsible for many kinds of industrial accidents (DeGreene, 1970, Chapters 7 and 15), studies of attention by use of lights and buttons can lead to improvements outside the laboratory.
Scientific psychology is concerned with the methods and techniques used to understand why people think and act as they do. This curiosity may be satisfied by basic or applied research, which usually go hand in hand to provide understanding. 2. Our beliefs are often established by the method of authority, the method of tenacity, or the a priori method. The scientific method offers advantages over these other methods because it relies on systematic observation and is selfcorrecting. 3. Scientists use both inductive and deductive reasoning to arrive at explanations of thought and action.
The physical situations in the real world and the laboratory need not be at all similar, provided that the same processes are occurring. Suppose we would like to know why airplane accidents occur or, more specifically, what the relationship is between airplane accidents and failure of attention on the part of the pilot and/or the air traffic controller. A basic researcher might approach this problem by having college sophomores sit in front of several lights that turn on in rapid succession. The sophomore has to press a key as each light is illuminated.