By Cass R. Sunstein, Richard A. Clarke, Michael J. Morell, Geoffrey R. Stone, Peter Swire
"We can't the danger, in mild of the teachings of our personal heritage, that sooner or later sooner or later, high-level executive officers will come to a decision that this huge database of terribly delicate inner most details is there for the plucking. american citizens mustn't ever make the error of entirely 'trusting' our public officials."--The NSA Report
This is the legitimate file that's aiding form the foreign debate in regards to the unheard of surveillance actions of the nationwide safeguard organization. Commissioned by
President Obama following disclosures by way of former NSA contractor Edward J. Snowden, and written through a preeminent staff of intelligence and criminal specialists, the file examines the level of NSA courses and demands dozens of pressing and functional reforms. the result's a blueprint exhibiting how the govt. can reaffirm its dedication to privateness and civil liberties--without compromising nationwide defense.
Read Online or Download The NSA Report: Liberty and Security in a Changing World PDF
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Extra info for The NSA Report: Liberty and Security in a Changing World
Compared with other systems of accounting. there is no doubt that overall, when prices are stable, historic cost accounting meets the majority of the requirements for information ... Historically this system has proved to be of great value in protecting the interests of shareholders and creditors of companies, and, when prices are stable, results in a clear and unambiguous view of a company’s affairs. In 1988 a discussion document from the Scottish Institute10 suggested that Net Realisable Value (NRV) might be more relevant as the basis for valuing assets in the balance sheet.
To such accounting choices involving professional judgement there can never be a precisely ‘correct’ solution. The law4 now requires companies to say whether their accounts follow accounting standards and if not to give details with reasons. 5 Hence there may be a need either to provide more information if merely following all the detailed rules would not sufﬁce, or even to depart from speciﬁc rules if complying with them would be incompatible with giving a true and fair view. As West6 points out, ‘Compliance with rules per se 2 3 4 5 6 Ken Sharp, head of the Government Accounting Service, in a very rare case in which the courts did have to decide about ‘a true and fair view’.
The second noteworthy point is how frequently the Act allowed sensible exceptions to its provisions, sometimes subject to approval by the Board of Trade (now the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)). The Jenkins Report (1962) led to the 1967 Act with further disclosure requirements on sales (turnover) and changes in ﬁxed assets. Before then UK company accounts rarely disclosed annual turnover; in fact Benston12 concluded that a 1934 government requirement in the USA for companies to disclose sales did not provide investors with anything useful.