The Music of Central Africa: An Ethnomusicological Study by Rose Brandel

By Rose Brandel

Under the inspiring assistance of my mentor, Curt Sachs, this paintings used to be conceived, deliberate, and completed. It won in measurement below the extreme and sufferer perusal of Gustave Reese to whose outstanding propensity for readability of concept and of favor I owe a massive debt. moreover, the worthy feedback made by means of Martin Bernstein and via J an LaRue are gratefully said. If Jaap Kunst had no longer kindly long past to the difficulty of ordering, supervising the con­ struction of, and mailing to me from Amsterdam his for my part designed monochord, an enormous portion of this paintings couldn't have taken shape. This preface isn't really whole, in fact, with out ultimate because of my husband, Harvey B. Natanson, for his sustained curiosity and encouragement. R. B. word because the current paintings is going to press, the political map of Africa is flowing right into a new mildew. a number of nations have acquired independence, and new names and information might be con­ sidered: French Equatorial Africa has develop into (November 28-December I, 1958) 4 self sustaining nations - Republic of the Congo: Brazzaville (formerly center Congo), Gabon Republic (formerly Gabon) , vital African Republic (formerly Ubangi-Shari), and Republic of Chad (formerly Chad). The Belgian Congo has turn into (June 30,1960) the Republic of the Congo: Leopoldville.

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Extra resources for The Music of Central Africa: An Ethnomusicological Study Former French Equatorial Africa the Former Belgian Congo, Ruanda-Urundi Uganda, Tanganyika

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98 Is this a musical strike ? THE DANCE Numerous travelers and explorers of the nineteenth century, viewing the various types of African dance, wrote of their impressions utilizing such terms as "lascivious," "contorted," "spasmodic," etc.

The installation of a new chief in Central Africa is always accompanied by a major ceremony. Where the "chief" is actually a king, ruling what may be compared to the European medieval serfdom, the ceremony may take on the character of a coronation. Many of the eastern seetions of Central Africa are organized as kingdoms boasting elaborate protocol and hierarchies of ruling personnel (earls, chiefs, administrators all appointed by the king) and of courts. , mwami in Ruanda-Urandi, moame among the Ituri Forest Bakumu group, memi among the Wanyamwezi of Tanganyika, nyimi among the Bashongo of the central Belgian Congo, etc.

See Transcr. 47. See Transcr. 34. R. P. Tnlles, Les Pygmees de la loret equatonale (Pans, 1932), pp. 332 ff. Transcr. 12. , eaeh man sings one note at the eorreet time to form the melodie eontour. 59 Animal mimesis, diseussed previously, takes on an immediate and praetical eharaeter in many of these hunting songs and danees. The shtill eries of the elephant, chigoma, are imitated in aresponsorial hunting song of the Wahehe of Tanganyika. 60 The all-night danee diseussed previously in eonneetion with healing rituals may often form part of the hunting eeremonial.

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