The Koreas (Globalizing Regions) by Charles K. Armstrong

By Charles K. Armstrong

The Koreas presents a concise and finished examine the notably alternative ways the 2 Koreas have handled the growing to be demanding situations of globalization. featuring a succinct, traditionally proficient advent to North and South Korea, Charles ok. Armstrong considers the moving and a number of meanings of "Korea" in modern heritage: a geographical entity, an ethnic kingdom, states due to the fact 1948, and as an ethno-cultural identification extending past the Korean peninsula to tremendous minority groups within the usa, China, Japan, and the previous Soviet Union. finally, The Koreas deals a crisp, enticing survey of Korea and the Korean humans within the modern international.

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Indb 38 In justifying dictatorship in the name of economic development, Park Chung Hee had once said, “Food comes before politics. ”33 As a matter of fact, South Korea had a vibrant political and cultural life long before economic take-off, even—perhaps especially—in the impoverished post-Korean War years of the mid- to late-1950s. Poverty did not prevent thousands of South Koreans publicly demanding, and attaining, the resignation of Syngman Rhee in 1960. But the protestors of the 1950s and 1960s were for the most part a small, educated minority.

41 In presidential elections from 1971 onward, Ky˘ongsang natives voted overwhelmingly for the candidate from their home region, Ch’˘olla natives for theirs. Chun, also a native of Ky˘ongsang, continued Park’s practice of homeregion favoritism. By the 2002 presidential elections, however, this regionalism had become identified with political parties. Even though Roh Moo-hyun was a native of Ky˘ongsang, most Ky˘ongsang voters voted for Lee Hoi-chang in 2002, while a similar proportion of voters in the southwest chose Roh.

This time, however, the window of civilian rule was even briefer than in 1960, and within two months of Park’s death, on December 12, 1979, Major General Chun Doo Hwan led a mutiny against the military leadership. Assisted by his military academy classmate Roh Tae-woo, who brought in his Ninth Army Division that guarded the invasion routes from the North, Chun’s loyalists occupied strategic parts of Seoul and defeated the old regime military in a matter of hours. Still, Chun had not yet declared himself leader of the country.

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