The I.R.A. at War 1916-1923 by Peter Hart

By Peter Hart

The essays in The I.R.A. at War suggest a brand new historical past of this Irish revolution: one who encompasses the entire of the island in addition to Britain, all the violence and its outcomes, and the total interval from the Easter emerging to the tip of the Civil battle. utilizing new study and wondering previous assumptions, those glowing essays by way of Peter Hart handle those and different controversies to indicate new methods of the historical past of the Irish Revolution of 1916-23.

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It was willed into being, a labour of love. A. B. , Michael Collins acted as godfather to this new creation. The creature turned against him in the end, however, when once again—in 1922—a militant minority (although possibly a majority of the fighting men) took control of the organization and weeded out the moderate majority, prepatory to round three of patriotic combat. See Townshend, ‘Irish Republican Army’ and Augusteijn, From Public Defiance to Guerrilla Warfare. 24 See Ch. 4. A. and Its Enemies for a reconstruction of this process in Cork.

Nowhere was the revolution so clearly drawn along ethnic battle-lines, yet the Catholic minority was unable or unwilling to form a united political front to match that of unionism— loyalists did not tolerate dissent. Part of the explanation for this may lie in the peculiar development of Belfast and northern nationalism (which was more clerical), and part may be found in the genuine communal solidarity exhibited in Catholic communities which did mobilize to defend and help themselves. Parties competed at election time, but partisan differences may have been eliminated at the neighbourhood level under siege conditions.

In the Cavan–Sligo area’ 10 Garvin, The Evolution of Irish Nationalist Politics, 122. 9 6+ Tyrone Down Fermanagh Sligo Armagh Monaghan Leitrim Cavan Louth Mayo Roscommon Longford Meath Westmeath Dublin Galway King's Kildare Dublin City Wicklow Queen's Clare Carlow Tipperary Limerick Kilkenny Wexford Waterford Kerry Cork Map 6. A. violence per 10,000 people, 28 June 1922–30 April 1923 overstates the level of violence in these counties as compared to their southern neighbours Roscommon, Longford, and Westmeath, and applies only to the 1920–1 period.

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