The Finnish Civil War 1918. History, Memory, Legacy by Tuomas Tepora, Aapo Roselius

By Tuomas Tepora, Aapo Roselius

The Finnish Civil struggle 1918 bargains a wealthy account of the background and reminiscence of the quick clash among socialist Reds and non-socialist Whites within the wintry weather and spring of 1918. It additionally lines the legacy of the bloody conflict in Finnish society till this day. the amount brings jointly verified scholarship of political and social historical past with more recent techniques stemming from the cultural background of battle, reminiscence reports, gender reviews, historical past of feelings, psychohistory and oral heritage. The members supply readers with a great dialogue of the Civil struggle inside its foreign and nationwide frameworks. between issues mentioned are violence and terror, enemy photos, Finnish irredentist campaigns in Soviet Karelia and the advanced reminiscence of the clash. along with a historic narrative, the quantity discusses the present nation of historiography of the Finnish Civil warfare.

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Example text

In fact, the shortage of butter was a result of continuing export to Russia at good prices. It was demanded that the Senate and other authorities solve the problems caused by food rationing.

44 Only after the war was it realized that the “flood of rubles” actually meant a loss of wealth. That became also a popular explanation for the crisis: the Russians destroyed the Finnish economy. In fact, things were not that simple at all. The Finnish currency (mark) had been separated from the value of the Russian currency 20 years earlier. The Bank of Finland secured the value of the mark with its assets in gold and foreign currency. Finland never gave up the gold standard, but the central bank stopped changing notes to gold in November 1914.

43 The critical dimensions of the economy were unforeseen to almost all contemporaries. The elements of collapse developed gradually towards a chaos, but the path was not predetermined, and other outcomes were also possible. Some figures tell how the possibility of a happy end of the war diminished. According to official statistics, exports from Finland declined to 50 per cent of prewar levels in 1916 and to 29 per cent in 1917. That was not an immediate misfortune, because exports (and imports) were, as noted, replaced by increasing trade with Russia, especially by orders from the Russian military.

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