By Demetris Demetriou (auth.)
This ebook offers an intensive evaluation of 3 interrelated concerns: land fragmentation, land consolidation, and land reallocation, and it provides intimately the theoretical heritage, layout, improvement and alertness of a prototype built-in making plans and selection aid method for land consolidation. The method integrates geographic info structures (GIS) and synthetic intelligence concepts together with specialist structures (ES) and genetic algorithms (GAs) with multi-criteria choice tools (MCDM), either multi-attribute (MADM) and multi-objective (MODM). The process is predicated on 4 modules for measuring land fragmentation; immediately producing substitute land redistribution plans; comparing these plans; and instantly designing the land partitioning plan. The provided examine offers a brand new clinical framework for land-consolidation making plans either by way of concept and perform, via providing new findings and by way of constructing higher instruments and techniques embedded in an built-in GIS surroundings. It additionally makes a worthwhile contribution to the fields of GIS and spatial making plans, because it offers new tools and ideas that may be utilized to enhance the previous for the advantage of the latter within the context of making plans help systems.
“From the Sixties, formidable study actions got down to realize relating to IT-support of the complicated and time eating redistribution strategies inside of land consolidation – with none essentially suitable effects, before. This clinical paintings is probably going to shut that hole. This exclusive booklet is very prompt to land consolidation making plans specialists, researchers and teachers alike.”
– Prof. Dr.-Ing. Joachim Thomas, Münster/ Germany
"Planning help platforms take new clinical instruments in accordance with GIS, optimisation and simulation and use those to notify the method of plan-making and coverage. This publication is without doubt one of the first to teach how this is often continually performed and it's a triumph of demonstrating how such platforms should be made operational. crucial examining for planners, analysts and GI scientists."
– Prof. Michael Batty, collage university London
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Extra info for The Development of an Integrated Planning and Decision Support System (IPDSS) for Land Consolidation
3 Causes Even though causes of land fragmentation may vary from country to country and from region to region, authors [1, 3, 16, 28, 29] tend to agree that the four main factors triggering this situation are inheritance; population growth; land markets; and historical/cultural perspectives. These are briefly described below. It is accepted that inheritance is the primary cause of land fragmentation. Inheritance laws applied in most countries facilitate or demand the subdivision of holdings into equal parts among all heirs or in some countries among only sons.
Countries are grouped in six continents (Africa, Asia, Europe, North and Central America, South America and Oceania). 4 The Extent of the Problem at the Global and EU Level 21 parcels per holding for 113 countries based on the latest available data provided by FAO from 1986 to 2004. In particular, it is indicated that the smallest average holding size is found in Asian and African countries where in 20 out of 24 and 16 out of 20 countries, respectively, it is less than 5 ha. In almost half of the Central American and Oceania countries, the average holding size is less than 5 ha.
These are briefly described below. It is accepted that inheritance is the primary cause of land fragmentation. Inheritance laws applied in most countries facilitate or demand the subdivision of holdings into equal parts among all heirs or in some countries among only sons. g. the Napoleonic and Islamic inheritance laws) where the equal distribution of patrimony among heirs was a requirement . As a result, land fragmentation has become a continuous process with land holdings and land parcels getting smaller and smaller as they have been dispersed to successive generations .