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Extra info for The Chemistry and Metabolism of Drugs and Toxins. An Introduction to Xenobiochemistry
1. Oxygen Anoxia. 2. Carbon dioxide Respiratory stimulant. 3. Nitrogen Warts (as liquid nitrogen). 1. Lactic acid (and lactates) Gastro-enteritis, acidosis, leucorrhoea, diabetic coma, etc. 2. Acetic acid (and acetates) Expectorant, linaments, etc. 3. Citric acid (and citrates) Diuretic, to alter reaction of urine, etc. 4. Malic acid 5. Glucose Dental cleaning. Intra-venous feeding, hypoglycaemia, etc. 6. Urea Diuretic, hypotensive, sickle-cell crisis, etc. 7. Cholesterol Anti-irritant in ointments, etc.
The first is a reductive dechlorination to the corresponding dichloro-ethane (DDD), which then undergoes hydrolytic dechlorination and oxidation to a carboxylic acid (DDA). 27). The principal urinary metabolite in humans is DDA, which, surprisingly, appears as conjugates with the amino acids serine and aspartic acid. The major metabolite in adipose tissue is DDE (together with unchanged DDT). 27. Metabolism of DDT. Aldrin and dieldrin differ only by an epoxide group, which can be added to aldrin by metabolism in mammals.
12). Usually, only about one third of an oral dose of any of these progestogens appears in the urine, and it may take 3 or 4 days for this amount to be collected following a single administration. Most of the remainder appears in bile and, eventually, faeces. Many of these steroids are poorly absorbed in the intestines and only between 30 and 60% of an oral dose may enter the blood. Aromatization of the A-ring had been reported for the estrane compounds, but not for the pregnanes. However, saturation of 4-ene and 3-one probably occurs in both series, with formation of 3a- and 3j3-hydroxy compounds in both 5a- and 5j3-series.