By H. Schmeets
On thirteen and 14 September 1997, municipal elections came about in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This booklet generally covers the findings of the 363 foreign observers on either polling days. have been the elections `free and fair'? What did the observers checklist in regards to the situations, techniques and safeguard measurements on the polling stations? Which events saw the elections, and why? How did the election procedure and the vote count number examine to the 1996 elections?
This e-book offers a nearby profile and descriptions particular difficulties within the numerous sorts of polling stations. The commentary method and layout of the statement stories are mentioned. eventually, strategies are made for the impending 1998 election observations, and destiny missions. The e-book can be of curiosity to scholars, students and others operating within the fields of commentary and research of elections, ethnic conflicts within the Balkans, and the function of foreign enterprises in democratisation and peace processes.
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Additional info for The 1997 Municipal Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Analysis of the Observations
One team wrote down: "Very long queues. Too many had to wait very long time before voting. Most voters widows. many illiterate". Another team based in Doboj reported about a cross-municipality station: "Large crowd, waiting for 2-3 hours". An observer team that observed an absentee station in Kakanj wrote down: "Many people had to wait for more than 30 minutes even at 8:00. some of them were unsatisfied and angry". 1 3 62 8 In a very few stations (1 %) intimidation of voters was observed. One observer team recorded: "A member of one of the parties represented, tried persistently to claim and make voters who needed assistance in voting that they should tell in public who they voted".
About the general meaning of shaded arrows (in the left margin at the top) and references to a list with municipality numbers and (abbreviations) of parties and 51 coalitions on the rear that may have representatives at the polling station. The order of topics more or less confonns to the way observation inside the polling station proceeds. Identification data appear at the top of the fonn, as they are essential to almost any conclusion. A clear hierarchy between closed (or general) and open (or more specific) questions is imposed.
G. opening and sealing of the ballot boxes - specific questionnaires for the opening and closing for the first and second election day were included (see Annex 9). After the conduct of the poll on the second day, observers were asked to observe the vote count. According to the specific counting procedures, a four-page questionnaire was developed which was divided into six sections, 'A' to ' F'. Apart from basic questions about the counting procedures, packing and transport, observers were asked to note the results of the vote count (see Annex 8).