By Tim Hunter
This publication explores the syntactic and semantic homes of circulate and adjunction in average language. an exact formula of minimalist syntax is proposed, guided by means of an independently stimulated speculation in regards to the composition of neo-Davidsonian logical kinds, during which there is not any atomic stream operation and no atomic adjunction operation. The phrases 'movement' and 'adjunction' serve merely as handy labels for convinced combos of different, primitive operations, and for that reason the method derives non-trivial predictions approximately how stream and adjunction may still engage; specifically, it yields traditional explanatory bills of the constituency of adjunction buildings, the potential of counter-cyclic attachment, and the prohibitions on extraction from adjoined domain names (adjunct islands) and from moved domain names (freezing effects). This paintings serves as a case research in deriving reasons for syntactic styles from a restrictive idea of semantic composition, and in utilizing an particular grammatical framework to notify rigourous minimalist theorising. Read more...
content material: 1. Acknowledgements, pix-x; 2. record of abbreviations, pxi-xii; three. bankruptcy 1 advent, p1-8; four. bankruptcy 2 heritage, p9-52; five. bankruptcy three Arguments, adjuncts and Conjunctivist interpretation, p53-112; 6. bankruptcy four Adjunct islands and freezing results, p113-138; 7. bankruptcy five Quantification through Conjunctivist interpretation, p139-170; eight. bankruptcy 6 end, p171-172; nine. Bibliography, p173-182; 10. Index of names, p183-184; eleven. Index of matters, p185-000
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5e). 5b) are false. 7) (putting aside questions of tense). 6) a. Brutus stabbed Caesar. ∃e[stabbing(e) ∧ Stabber(e, b) ∧ Stabbee(e, c)] b. Cassius saw a stabbing. ∃e∃e′[seeing(e) ∧ See-er(e, cassius) ∧ See-ee(e, e′) ∧ stabbing(e′)] c. Cassius saw a stabbing of Caesar by Brutus. ∃e∃e′[seeing(e) ∧ See-er(e, cassius) ∧ See-ee(e, e′) ∧ stabbing(e′) ∧ Stabber(e′, b) ∧ Stabbee(e′, c)] d. Cassius saw Brutus stab Caesar. ∃e∃e′ [seeing(e) ∧ See-er(e, cassius) ∧ See-ee(e, e′) ∧ stabbing(e′) ∧ Stabber(e′, b) ∧ Stabbee(e′, c)] .
Second, one might worry that the reduced representations discard information that is crucial for proper semantic interpretation; for example, that having no record of where a wh-phrase (treated roughly as a quantifier) is “coming from” might prevent its binding of the appropriate variable. 17 But this worry . Multiple wh-fronting constructions therefore raise a problem, on the assumption that the two moving wh-phrases are looking to check the same kind of feature. See Gärtner & Michaelis (2007) for an addition to the formalism that addresses this via a “clustering” operation.
Chapter 2. 27a). 27) a. Stabbing Caesar is dangerous b. Stabbing is dangerous Another consequence of the approach to thematic relations illustrated in Figure 19 is the possibility that a verb that requires a certain argument in some syntactic contexts, might not require it in other contexts. Such flexibility would be surprising under the assumption that all thematic relations are part of a verb’s lexical meaning, as in Figure 18. 28) a. Lăo W èi qiē -le zhúsún Lao Wei cut -pfv bamboo shoots Lao Wei cut bamboo shoots b.