By Barry D. Solomon, Robert Bailis
This e-book examines contemporary advancements in Latin American biofuel creation. Taking “sustainable improvement” as a crucial topic, each one bankruptcy considers one nation within the quarter and explores how biofuel creation is evolving given issues approximately foodstuff sovereignty, exchange and different social concerns. Environmental conservation, in addition to an more and more complicated and globalized monetary constitution, can be taken into consideration. The contributions to this quantity seriously discover the ways that biofuel creation in Latin the United States impression social, fiscal and environmental structures: the so-called “three pillars of sustainability". a variety of stakeholders, drawn from govt, undefined, civil society and academia have tried to outline “Sustainable improvement” within the context of biofuel creation and to operationalize it via a sequence of ideas, standards, and hugely particular signs. however, it continues to be a fluid and contested suggestion with deep political and social ramifications, which every bankruptcy explores in detail.
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Extra resources for Sustainable Development of Biofuels in Latin America and the Caribbean
Moser et al. Introduction Despite their promotion as an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuels, the rapid expansion of biofuels from crops set into motion over the past decade has raised numerous concerns about detrimental effects on ecosystems and communities living in and around biofuel production sites (see Chap. 1; German et al. 2011; LüdekeFreund et al. 2012). In anticipation of and in response to these effects, public and private actors on different scales have developed regulations, standards, and codes of conduct to mitigate or minimize the negative impacts of biofuels and their production processes (Bailis and Baka 2011).
Solomon and R. Bailis Fargione J, Hill J, Tilman D, Polasky S, Hawthorne P (2008) Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debt. Science 319(5867):1235–1238 Farinelli B, Carter CA, Lin CYC, Sumner DA (2009) Imported demand for Brazilian ethanol: a cross-country analysis. J Clean Prod 17(1):S9–S17 Ferranti DM de (2004) Inequality in LatinAmerica: breaking with history? World Bank, Washington DC Fitzherbert EB, Struebig MJ, Morel A, Danielsen F, Bruhl CA, Donald PF, Phalan B (2008) How will oil palm expansion affect biodiversity?
8 and B5 in place. , see Chap. 6) B5 mandate in place a Adapted from Lane 2012 Adapted from REN21 2013a c Adapted from REN21 2013b b in LAC as well as the slow pace with which some of the blending mandates have been met. The latter is the result of high feedstock prices on global markets that have hampered the development of a biofuel industry in some countries of the region in the last few years (OECD/FAO 2012). Linkages between intermediate- and end-use sectors and varying degrees of complementarity and substitutability between each feedstock increase consumer vulnerability to price fluctuations (Diop et al.