Spain, 1157-1300 A Partible Inheritance (A History of Spain) by Peter Linehan

By Peter Linehan

Spain, 1157-1300 uses an unlimited physique of basic and secondary resource fabric to supply a balanced assessment of a very important interval of Spanish in addition to of ecu heritage. Examines the main major section of Spanish mainland improvement Considers the profound highbrow effects of Christian advances into Islamic Spain Explores the various fortunes of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon, and makes a speciality of the reign of the discovered Alfonso X of Castile makes use of the huge physique of basic and secondary resource fabric released during the last 30 years

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In a charter granted in August 1151 Ramon Berenguer IV described himself as ‘count of Barcelona, prince of Aragón and Tarragona, marquess of Tortosa and Lleida’. And even this description begged a question, indeed the largest question of all, for it was only in his capacity as count of Barcelona that Ramon Berenguer was the Fourth. As king of Aragón, he was Ramón Berenguer the First. And despite Maravall’s description of the kings of medieval Spain as rulers ‘not of a kingdom but of a space’, and in this case while functioning as king though entitled count, the distinction was one almost always scrupulously observed by Aragonese and Catalans alike.

22 1157–79 be moved, vines not. Eternal vigilance was the rule. 56 Those who undertook the task of manning Christendom’s southern frontier might be prompted to do so by spiritual inducements such as those offered by the archbishop of Toledo, Jean de Castellmorum, to the saviours of Calatrava in 1157. 57 When, around 1200, the vernacular name of the eventual beneficiaries of the process emerged, that name was ricos homes. Whether they originated in high society, such as the princes of Burgundy who created the kingdom of Portugal, or belonged to its lower reaches, these ricos homes were as exclusive as they were acquisitive.

Two Royal Minorities Whether any of these considerations weighed much with those in whose hands control of Castilian fortunes came to rest at the outset of the reign of Alfonso VIII, we can only surmise. But that they weighed not at all with Alfonso VIII himself we can be sure. For in August 1158 the new king was not yet three years old, and between then and the mid-1160s the only question that mattered was that of who had possession of him. Yet that fact alone suggests that descent counted for much and that the principle of hereditary legitimacy counted for everything.

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