Solidarity's Secret: The Women Who Defeated Communism in by Shana Penn

By Shana Penn

"This very important publication explores some of the most pivotal classes in Polish background and bargains with an issue approximately every person else ignored. Shana Penn's learn starts off with an easy query I want I had idea extra approximately myself: as soon as the management of team spirit were arrested throughout the 1981 army coup, who stored the circulate alive over the subsequent months and years? the reply will shock you, as Penn delves into the lives of 7 Polish girls activists who rose to the decision, set approximately saving a whole political circulation, and in time became themselves into probably the most strong ladies in Poland today."
---Lech Walesa, former President of Poland and winner of the 1983 Nobel Peace Prize

Solidarity's Secret is the 1st publication to list the an important but little-known position girls performed within the upward thrust of an self sufficient press in Poland and within the fall of that country's communist government.

Shana Penn items jointly a decade of interviews with the ladies in the back of the Polish pro-democracy movement-women whose enormous contributions have been obscured by means of the extra public successes in their male counterparts.

Penn unearths the tale of ways those courageous ladies ran harmony and the most competition newspaper, Tygodnik Mazowsze, whereas trendy males like Lech Walesa have been underground or in prison through the Nineteen Eighties martial legislations years. an identical ladies then went directly to play influential roles in post-communist Poland.

Solidarity's Secret offers us a richly designated story-within-a-story-unheard of not just within the West, yet until eventually lately even inside Poland itself-from some of the most very important eras in smooth history.

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Campbell 2003, 297) Schoenberger’s (1991) observations counter the second wave feminist assumptions that there is a singular, known and essential identity of ‘man’ or ‘woman’ and that this identity would be given priority in any interview situation. It is a position most famously articulated in a 1981 paper by Anne Oakley. Here the author initiated a spirited attack against the ‘proper interview’, arguing against conventional approaches to interviewing which assert that there must be a split between subject and object, an hierarchical relationship between interviewer and interview and an interviewer who is distant and uninvolved (Oakley 1981, 51).

Concurrently, this natural environment is tough, rough and rugged and needs to be tamed. The symmetries between social constructions of rurality and masculinity are thus exploited by the beer advertisers. The same crossover is evident in the military texts examined by Woodward (1998; 2000). Woodward (1998; 2000) explains that it does not matter that most British military operations are ‘far removed from the uplands and heathlands’ which feature so prominently in textual representations of the military, for these rural images powerfully convey a masculinity of independence, strength and adventure.

This was not the case with women. Women cannot be ‘good’ farmers for they have no embodied relationship with the land. This positioning of women is solidified by discourses that suggest that, compared with men, women’s bodies are deficient and lack the capacity for the physical and technical work of farming. When women do farm alone they are dismissed as not ‘real’ farmers for utilizing male help and/or for failing to subscribe to normative definitions of femininity. 26 Masculinities and Management in Agricultural Organizations Worldwide The dynamic nature of farming identities, and the relationship between identity change and broader material and discursive shifts in society, are themes also worked through by Australian rural sociologist Lia Bryant (1999).

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