By Mei-Jie Yan, Qiu-Yue He, Norikazu Yamanaka, Sheng Du (auth.), Atsushi Tsunekawa, Guobin Liu, Norikazu Yamanaka, Sheng Du (eds.)
This e-book provides state of the art medical facts and technological recommendations to revive lands at the Loess Plateau of China, identified around the world for its severe land degradation and desertification difficulties. Supported through a swiftly constructing chinese language economic system and the dissemination of powerful expertise, the Grain-for-Green undertaking and Western improvement motion introduced through the chinese language executive have ended in winning ecological recovery and safeguard over the last 30 years. those courses have contributed not just to conservation of soil and water, but additionally to monetary improvement. while, although, those developmental interventions have introduced new demanding situations that experience now not but been absolutely addressed. The ebook describes (1) case reviews of good fortune and failure in perform, together with infrequent good fortune tales of scuffling with desertification; (2) technical concerns resembling erosion keep an eye on and breeding of stress-tolerant plant species, and socioeconomic measures taken by way of the chinese language executive and lending regulations with help from the realm financial institution; and (3) finished measures opposed to desertification, akin to water and wind erosion, salinization, and deforestation. This quantity is suggested for researchers and scholars above the undergraduate point in varied fields together with soil technology, rural engineering, social know-how and civil engineering, biology, ecology, climatology, actual and human geography, and developmental economics, between others. It additionally serves as a helpful source for engineers, govt officers, and NPOs and NGOs excited about afforestation, ecological recovery, battling desertification, catastrophe prevention, and sustainable rural development.
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Additional resources for Restoration and Development of the Degraded Loess Plateau, China
62, Intermediate terrace • Calciustepts • Hapic Calcisols • Orchard (Lat. , Long. 02 Soil color The amount of soluble salts in saturated extract (cmolc kg–1) ECe Anions (dS Cations Clay pH m−1) Ca2+ Mg2+ K+ Na+ Total SO42− NO3− HCO3− Cl− No. 80, Intermediate Terrace • Calciustepts • Hapic Calcisols • Orchard (Lat. , Long. 17 No. 87, Low Terrace • Typic Ustorthents • Calcic Regosols • Orchard (Lat. , Long. 10 No. 54, Low Terrace • Calciustepts • Hapic Calcisols • Orchard (Lat. , Long. 48 Total 44 S.
19 The amount of soluble salts in saturated extract (cmolc kg–1) ECe Anions Coarse Fine Soil (dS Cations sand sand Silt Clay pH m−1) Ca2+ Mg2+ K+ Na+ Total SO42− NO3− HCO3− Cl− Total horizon Depth (cm) Soil color No. 75, High Terrace • Calciustepts • Hapic Calcisols • Orchard (Lat. , Long. 1 Field profile description and physicochemical properties of selected soil profiles (Endo et al. 2012) 42 S. Yamamoto and T. 11 No. 30, Low Terrace • Typic Ustorthents • Calcic Regosols • Cotton field (Lat. , Long.
Since the formation process of salt-affected soil is altered by soil toposequence, soil and hydrologic characteristics of topographic features should be considered for effective soil salinization management. As a study case, the influence of soil toposequence on soil salinization in the irrigation scheme at the southernmost end of the plateau is shown below (Endo et al. 2012). This is the Luohui Irrigation Scheme, which was established 70 years ago in the cotton production centre of Shaanxi Province.