Power and Violence in the Colonial City: Oruro from the by Oscar. Cornblit

By Oscar. Cornblit

This booklet examines the features of political energy within the towns of the colonial Spanish Empire among the 1740s and 1780s, according to an in depth examine of the mining urban of Oruro in Alto Peru (present-day Bolivia), emphasizing the workings of the judicial procedure and the function of the forms. towards the top of this era, the research makes a speciality of the Indian uprisings of the 1780s (the rebellions of Tupac Amaru) and the explanations that resulted in the alliances or confrontations among the actors of the detailed bands, even if white or Indian.

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Extra info for Power and Violence in the Colonial City: Oruro from the Mining Renaissance to the Rebellion of Tupac Amaru (1740-1782)

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65 Juan and Ulloa, op. , p. 319. , p. 320. Under Spanish law 29 act competitive by nature - election - the excesses observed here are not so surprising. It is true that these elections were increasingly affected in the eighteenth century by the intervention of governors, corregidores, and viceroys. Even so, the election of the alcaldes held considerable interest in all the towns and cities. Irregularities in these events were common coin, especially in places far from the control of the regional audiencia or the governor.

Originally this regulation enhanced distribution, among the greatest possible number of individuals, of the honors that went with holding municipal office. It was believed that this would contribute to the growth of civic pride. 37 Although in theory any resident of the city could be elected to these positions, in fact mestizos, mulattoes, and Indians were excluded. , p. 168. 35 J. P. Moore, Hapsburgsy p. 85. 36 "Lista de cargos, segun pago de media anata," AGNy Sala III, Caja Real de Oruro (1700-91).

Moore, op. , 1954. According to Moore, in the middle of the seventeenth century Felipe IV had practically abolished the judicial function of the cabildo, establishing that appeals to sentences of alcaldes should proceed directly to the audiencia. Letter from Eugenio Lerdo de Tejada to the viceroy (Oruro, July 25, 1748); AGN, Buenos Aires, 9-7-6-4, Oruro, leg. 1. Under Spanish law 13 With time, other minor officials, some of them already mentioned, were added to the list in most of the Spanish American towns.

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