Politics in Indonesia: Democracy, Islam and the Ideology of by Douglas E. Ramage

By Douglas E. Ramage

Politics in Indonesia describes the attitudes, aspirations and frustrations of the main avid gamers in Indonesian politics as they try to form the long run. The booklet specializes in the position of political Islam; Douglas E. Ramage exhibits that the kingdom has been remarkably profitable in holding secular political associations in a predominantly Muslim society. He analyses the best way political questions are framed just about the nationwide ideology, the Pancasila.

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Additional info for Politics in Indonesia: Democracy, Islam and the Ideology of Tolerance (Politics in Asia)

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Furthermore, Soeharto asserted that some organizations continued to uphold ideologies other than Pancasila and therefore it was imperative that the armed forces support groups that truly defend and adhere to Pancasila. Soeharto strongly implied that ABRI itself was not supportive of Pancasila to the fullest possible degree if it sought to back a political party other than Golkar. Prior to these speeches, the Minister of Defense and Security, General Mohammed Yusuf, had reiterated an ABRI belief that the armed forces should stand “above” politics.

I will return to these questions in the Conclusion as they can only be addressed after consideration of what happened to political discourse framed by Pancasila in the years after asas tunggal and after the regime’s apparently successful Politics in Indonesia: Democracy, Islam and the Ideology of Tolerance 21 domination of debate. However, before turning to the body of the study, the general political and economic context of Indonesia since 1985 must be considered briefly. In this way the significance and meaning of political debate for the remainder of the 1990s can be more fully understood.

Acceptance of the state doctrine of Pancasila by the Muslims symbolizes this recognition. 97 Indeed, in May 1982 the then Vice President Adam Malik explicitly identified political Islam as the main target of the government: We ought to steer away from debates on ideology and religion. …In the campaign [for the DPR in May 1982] I stressed the dangers of dividing and polarizing ourselves along religious lines. Whether by design or not, the Islamic party exploited popular religious feelings to the full.

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