By Caroline Taylor, Rich Lomneth, Frankie Wood-Black
content material: CONTENTS ; commitment ; 1. placing BIOFUELS INTO CONTEXT past BIOFUELS CHEMISTRY-CONTEXT, matters, ; AND BROADER views vital TO THE TECHNICAL viewers ; wealthy LOMNETH, CAROLINE TAYLOR, AND FRANKIE WOOD-BLACK ; 2. PROJECTING AN strength destiny: BIOFUELS, BIOENERGY, AND the significance OF ; REGIONALITY IN eventualities AND POTENTIALS ; CAROLINE TAYLOR ; three. the consequences OF STAKEHOLDER VALUES ON BIOFUEL FEEDSTOCK offerings ; HEATHER L. YOUNGS ; four. INVENTORIES AND the worldwide FOOD-COMMODITY costs ; GAL HOCHMAN, DEEPAK RAJAGOPAL, GOVINDA TIMILSINA, AND DAVID ZILBERMAN ; five. averting THE unintentional effects OF BIOENERGY ; S. A. MILLER ; 6. SUSTAINABILITY OF BIOENERGY FROM FORESTRY ; MARCIA PATTON-MALLORY ; 7. ALGAL applied sciences FOR organic trap AND usage OF CO2 REQUIRE ; BREAKTHROUGHS IN easy study ; JENNIFER L. MILNE, JEFFREY C. CAMERON, LAWRENCE E. web page, SALLY M. BENSON, AND ; HIMADRI B. PAKRASI ; eight. unintentional outcomes: overview OF the professionals AND CONS of recent ; applied sciences AND REGULATORY DRIVERS AS THEY RELATE TO the capability ; alterations IN habit AND INFRASTRUCTURE ; FRANKIE WOOD-BLACK, PH.D., REM, MBA ; nine. ECONOMIST>'S point of view ON BIOFUELS ; DAVID ZILBERMAN, DEEPAK RAJAGOPAL, AND GAL HOCHMAN ; 10. SECURING A BIOENERGY provide: united kingdom AND US ; C. WHITTAKER, P. W. R. ADAMS, AND M. C. MCMANUS ; eleven. BIOMASS SUSTAINABILITY criteria: in the direction of a reputable AND possible ; degree OF BIOMASS SUSTAINABILITY FOR U.S. BIOENERGY coverage ; JODY M. ENDRES, J.D., M.A. ; EDITORS' BIOGRAPHIES ; INDEXES ; writer INDEX ; topic INDEX
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Additional info for Perspectives on Biofuels: Potential Benefits and Possible Pitfalls
Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: "Our Common Future"; United Nations, 1987. ; Long, S. ; Ort, D. R. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 2008, 19, 153–159. ; Pingoud, K. Bioenergy. , New York, 2011. ; Fulton, L. Technology Roadmap: Biofuels for Transport; International Energy Agency: Paris, 2011. Milne, J. ; Cameron, J. ; Benson, S. ; Pakrasi, H. Algal Technologies for Biological Capture and Utilization of CO2 Require Breakthroughs in Basic Research. ; ACS Symposium Series 1116; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2012; Chapter 4.
Some regional factors contributing to location and organization aspects of biofuel deployment scenarios. More challengingly from a perspective of equitable global development, the same tenets function differently across different strata. Economic sustainability means something different at different developmental levels. At the upper levels (high HDI), it tends to mean wealth generation and corporate competitiveness. At the lower levels of development it tends to mean poverty mitigation. This is particularly important in setting goals for scenario comparisons in regional and developmental contexts.
We also conclude that the effect of biofuels on food prices has not been as large as originally thought, but that the use of commodities by investment funds may have been partly responsible for the 2007/08 spike” ((21),p2). While the actual contribution of corn ethanol versus oil prices and market speculation are difficult to sort out, the clear potential for a negative impact of food-based biofuels was sobering. Meanwhile, increasing use of fertilizers in the Midwest, of which corn cultivation is a major contributing factor, had caused the formation of an anoxic “dead-zone” at the mouth of the Mississippi River in the Gulf of Mexico.