By Hans-Dieter Jakubke
This mini-encyclopedia includes greater than 1,500 alphabetical entries from the whole box of peptide technology in a single convenient quantity, in addition to the technical phrases, acronyms and ideas utilized in peptide chemistry. It additionally gains the entire series of greater than 800 peptides, a variety of illustrations and various cross-references.
components coated include:
- organic peptides and small proteins
- peptide hormones
- pharmaceutical peptides
- peptide antibiotics
- peptide inhibitors
- peptide reagents
- peptide tags
- structural classes
- synthesis and purification
- analytical methods
- proteomics and peptidomics.
Condensed but obtainable, basically crucial details is displayed, generally associated through references to the new clinical literature for extra research.
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Extra resources for Peptides from A to Z
The accumulation of Aβ appears to be caused by an increase in the anabolic activity, as demonstrated in familial AD, or by a decrease in catabolic activity. The predominant forms of Aβ consist of the 40- and 42-peptides, termed Aβ-(1-42), DAEFRHDSGY10 EVHHQKLVFF20 AEDV GSNKGA30 IIGLMVGGVV42 IA, and Aβ(1-40), respectively. In normal, non-AD, individuals the principal Aβ forms are Aβ(1-40) and Aβ-(1-42), of which the former constitutes about 90%. The N-terminal partial sequence 1-28 stems from the extracellular domain of APP and is predominantly hydrophilic, whereas the C-terminal part 29-39/43 stems from the ch-A February 20, 2008 19:49 Char Count= Amyloid-forming proteins transmembrane domain and is characterized by hydrophobic amino acids.
Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 1990, 87, 5410]. Antibodies, proteins (→ immunoglobulins) produced by B lymphocytes or B cells responsible for humoral immunity. An enormously diverse collection of related proteins mediates humoral immunity that is most effective against bacterial infections and the extracellular phases of viral infec- Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) tions [J. , Freeman, 1994]. Antibody-catalyzed synthesis, → abzymecatalyzed synthesis. Anticancer peptides, peptides displaying antitumor activity on the basis of different modes of action.
Selkoe, Nature 2003, 426, 900; C. Soto, Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 2003, 4, 49; R. Tycko, Prot. Pept. Lett. 2006, 13, 229; J. P. ), Amyloid Proteins, Wiley-VCH, 2005]. Amythiamicins, naturally occurring → thiopeptide antibiotics isolated from a strain of Amycolatopsis sp. MI481-42F4. The amythiamicins A–D belong to the very few thiopeptides that do not contain a dehydroalanine moiety. They inhibit both the Ancovenin growth of Gram-positive bacteria, including the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and the action of elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu), a GTP-dependent translation factor.