By Henning S. Heide-Jørgensen (auth.), Daniel M. Joel, Jonathan Gressel, Lytton J. Musselman (eds.)
This e-book was once written based on major contemporary advances in figuring out the mechanisms of parasitism within the Orobanchaceae, and breakthroughs within the regulate of the parasitic weeds Striga and Orobanche. It comprises 26 contributions by means of across the world famous best scientists. the most ebook chapters are grouped into parts:
· half I – The Orobanchaceae and Their Parasitic Mechanisms
· half II – The Weedy Orobanchaceae and Their Control
The first half offers state-of-the-art info on all key points of plant parasitism, similar to the constitution, improvement and serve as of the haustorium; nutrient move and the body structure of the parasite-host organization; host response to parasitic crops; seed creation and germination; the strigolactones and host-parasite signaling mechanisms; the parasite genome, phylogenetics, evolution and epigenetics; and ecology. subject matters of the second one half contain: the matter posed via the weedy parasites; inhabitants range and dynamics; molecular prognosis of seed banks; and exact dialogue of some of the administration options, together with agronomic, chemical and biotechnological ways, in addition to host breeding for resistance, allelopathy and organic keep watch over.
This publication is meant for plant scientists, college academics and scholars, agronomists and weed experts, breeders and farmers, extension group of workers and specialists in tropical and subtropical agriculture.
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Additional resources for Parasitic Orobanchaceae: Parasitic Mechanisms and Control Strategies
The simplest and most common in lateral haustoria of holoparasites is cylindrical or conical. Hemiparasite species may initially adhere to host root by haustorial hairs (see Chap. 4). In some genera the haustorium develops a mantle composed of two lobes that clasp the host organ on both sides and may encompass it in some cases, especially when the host root is young and thin, or when the host resists penetration (Piehl 1963; Kuijt 1977). A mantle may also develop by fusion of haustorial hairs (Weber 1976c).
Balanophoraceae (Balanophorales but Santalales has been suggested) occurs throughout the more humid tropical–subtropical regions. It includes 17 genera of root parasites (Hansen 1972; Nickrent and Franchina 1990), which produce only a terminal (primary) haustorium, which develops into a tuber (occasionally up to 60 cm) that partly consists of host tissue. The inflorescence arises from the tuber, and specialized conductive cells connect the vascular system of the inflorescence with the endophyte (Gedalovich-Shedletzky and Kuijt 1990; Hsiao et al.
New Phytol 134:487–493 Vidal-Russell R, Nickrent DN (2007) A molecular phylogeny of the Feathery Mistletoe Misodendrum. Syst Bot 32:560–568 von Tubeuf K (1923) Monographie der Mistel. R Oldenbourg, Mu¨nchen Watson DM (2001) Mistletoe – a keystone resource in forests and woodlands worldwide. Ann Rev Ecol Syst 32:219–249 ¨ ber Wirtspflanzen und Parasitismus einiger mitteleuropa¨ischer Weber HC (1976) U Rhinanthoideae (Scrophulariaceae). Plant Syst Evol 125:97–107 Weber HC (1980) Untersuchungen an australischen und neuseela¨ndischen Loranthaceae/ Viscaceae.