News Interviews: A Pragmalinguistic Analysis by Andreas H. Jucker

By Andreas H. Jucker

Jucker endeavors to check pragmatic strategies (such as Grice’s ideas of conversational inference) through employing them to concrete info. This program results in feedback for numerous ameliorations within the to be had pragmatic technique. whereas pursuing this theoretical aim, he makes an important contribution to descriptive pragmatics by means of providing an in depth photograph of linguistically suitable facets of reports interviews, which convey communicative habit in ‘laboratory stipulations’ the place as many influencing components as attainable are stored solid whereas the impression of 1 particular issue at a time might be validated.

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How are we to decide for any two u t t e r a n c e s whether they in fact constitute an adjacency pair? Since adjacency pairs are not r e s t r i c t e d to adjacent t u r n s , the question has to be answered, in principle, for any two u t t e r a n c e s of a conversation. Edmondson (1981: 47) objects to the notion of 'adjacency pairs' for a f u r t h e r reason; he notes that certain first p a i r - p a r t s like greeting or question only allow for one single t y p e of second p a i r - p a r t , i .

2 The "Matarazzo Effect" in News Interviews The studies reviewed above reveal a s u r p r i s i n g number of fac­ t o r s t h a t influence the v e r b a l behaviour of communication p a r t ­ n e r s , and it is suggested that these results hold for a variety of different activity t y p e s . From these findings a number of hypotheses can be deduced, which will be tested in this chap­ t e r . Additionally, t h e r e are some f u r t h e r hypotheses which are more specific to the activity t y p e of news interviews and to my data.

During either the first or the second p a r t an opaque screen was placed between the two p a r t i c i p a n t s , t h e r e b y elimi­ nating any visual and gestural communication between them. They summarise the r e s u l t s as follows (Jaffe & Feldstein 1970: 42f ) : The results suggest that when faced with the loss of visual-gestural cues, conversationalists often tend to alter the temporal p a t t e r n i n g of their interaction, and t h a t the sex of the conversationalists and the point in the interaction at which the loss occurs contribute to the alterations.

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