By Euro Beinat, Peter Nijkamp (auth.), Euro Beinat, Peter Nijkamp (eds.)
The thought of this publication began at nearly 33.000 ft, someplace above the Alps. On our solution to a workshop in Venice we had the potential for appreciating the different sorts of landscapes and the complicated patchwork of city components, agriculture, forests, rivers and lakes that may be noticeable from an plane. The complexity of this puzzle, and the advanced job of coping with its evolution, turned the subject of dialog for the remainder of the flight. It additionally grew to become the subject of this publication. Land-use administration and multicriteria research supply numerous possibilities for mutual reinforcement. those fields have constructed mostly independently, yet a development in the direction of the exploration in their synergies is now rising. this can be transparent from the hot literature on land-use administration, spatial research and spatial making plans, which more and more contains references to multicriteria methodologies and choice research. while, a growing to be percentage of multicriteria purposes now concentrate on environmental and land-use matters. This publication contains contributions from authors coming from a number of disciplines and backgrounds. All jointly they spotlight present concerns in multicriteria research and land-use administration from theoretical, methodological and sensible perspectives.
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Additional info for Multicriteria Analysis for Land-Use Management
1995), and a fust cognitive map (Eden, 1988) took form. In our cognitive maps (CMs) see Figure 1 - nodes represent PsV linked by arrows indicating that one PV influences, leads or has implications for another. Relations between PsV were identified by confronting the actors with questions such as why is this PV important? (Keeney, 1994). For some PsV, such as (adequacy 0/ the rice variety to the) /arm's characteristics, the answer was simply that the PV was important because it was viewed as essential for ''maximizing profIt" or ''minimizing risk".
The paper iIIustrates the usefulness of integrating cognitive mapping and multicriteria structuring concepts when practicing decision-aid. Cognitive mapping particularly facilitated the leaming process of identifying and operationally describing the fundamental points of view for the evaluation of alternative rice varieties. Keywords: Multicriteria decision aid, structuring, cognitive mapping, land-use management. 1. Introduction The great majority of textbooks and articles reporting examples and cases of application of multicriteria methodologies usually concentrate on evaluation.
Such a PV was then considered as reflecting a key-concem to be taken into consideration when comparing the rice varieties. Another response was that a PV was relevant given its implications for another PV, such as the 36 relation between the initial strength of a plant and its tolerance to invaders (in Keeney's tenninology (Keeney, 1992) the fonner can be considered a means to achieve the end concern(s) captured by the latter). The question was then asked for this PV in turn. This procedure also developed a perception of causeleffect relationships among PsV previously identified and new ones that emerged in the meantime.