Motivation: A Biobehavioural Approach by Roderick Wong

By Roderick Wong

Motivation: A Biobehavioural process offers the reader with an figuring out of why members show yes behaviors, and what reasons those activities. Roderick Wong offers an research of influenced habit equivalent to sexual intercourse, parental habit, nutrients choice, and worry or aggression, from a organic viewpoint. every one bankruptcy specializes in the person platforms underlying particular motivational states that lead to encouraged acts. the writer discusses similarities, modifications, and integration among those motivational structures through the quantity. utilizing a framework derived from learn and conception from animal habit and comparative psychology, he analyzes proper matters in human motivation resembling mate selection, nepotism, attachment and independence, sensation-seeking, weight problems, and parent-offspring clash. This e-book should be quite precious for undergraduate scholars in psychology or behavioral technology taking classes in motivation and emotion, comparative psychology, animal habit, or organic psychology.

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Characteristics such as bright colours, long tails, elaborate plumes have less to do with combat and are more likely to be directed at attracting females. In his analysis of the highly ornamented peacock’s tail, Darwin (1871) concluded that this character arose because of the female peahen’s preference in mating with the best-ornamented males. He suggested that mate choice acts as a selective force that brings about differential rates of reproduction favouring those individuals that bear the preferred characteristics.

Are larger and stronger males with striking ornamentation more attractive to females or are they more successful in their male–male contests? Probably both. 27 28 Motivation Extra-pair matings among monogamous birds The preceding discussion was premised by the assumption that the monogamous partnerships of birds provide an ideal to which many people should aspire. However, recent and more careful studies have revealed that appearance can be deceptive and that many birds are far from models of fidelity.

This situation generates much competition among males and incurs costs in each of them. Males expend a lot of time and energy in competing for the prospects of mating with a female. Such dynamics are evident even at the level of gametes. Prior to gametic contact, sperm cells seem to expend more energy than the egg. However, once the female and male gametes fuse, the situation changes and the female makes a greater contribution. Her egg contains food stores and energy is expended in the cellular division of the new zygote occurring within her structure.

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