Metallography : principles and practice by George F. Vander Voort

By George F. Vander Voort

Delivering a accomplished resource of knowledge on metallographic suggestions and their software to the learn of metals, ceramics, and polymers, this paintings is accessible once more from ASM. It comprises an intensive choice of micro- and macrographs. This confirmed reference for metallographers, engineers, technicians has additionally been stumbled on invaluable through scholars learning actual metallurgy, metallography and fabrics science.

Contents conceal: macrostructure, specimen training for mild microscopy; microstructure; gentle microscopy; hardness trying out; quantitative microscopy. the amount good points numerous appendices directory etchants and specimen instruction systems and in addition encompasses a complete index.

The ebook used to be written by way of George F. Vander Voort, FASM, a number one specialist in metallographic perform

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The gelatinized side of the paper is blotted dry and pressed onto the polished surface of the steel sample for about 5 s. The paper is then removed and placed in an aqueous solution containing potassium ferrocyanide (20 g K4Fe(CN)6 to 1000 mL water). This solution develops the image. Potassium ferricyanide may also be used but at a lower concentration. The print exhibits a light-blue color over the contact area. Dark-blue spots are present at places where iron-containing inclusions were present.

2 Inclusion Stringers Inclusion stringers of macroscopic size can be readily detected on a fractured specimen after heat tinting in the blue heat range. This procedure is described in MACROSTRUCTURE 4 3 Figure 1-34 Macrograph of a hardened, fractured, and blued macroetched disc revealing inclusion stringers (white streaks). ASTM Specification E45. There are ASTM specifications that provide fracture test limitations for acceptance for a number of specific materials. Figure 1-34 shows an example of inclusion stringers revealed by use of this procedure.

In any study of welds, the initial step invariably centers on the development of the weld macrostructure. The weld macrostructure is established Figure 1-22 Macroetching with 10% nital was used to reveal carbide segregation in polished sections from various sizes of rounds of Tl high-speed tool steel. ll Figure 1-23 Macroetching used to reveal the influence of weld parameters on penetration depth and shape. Top example shows GMA (gas-metal arc) welds at a heat input of 45 kJ/in using atmospheres of 100% C0 2 , argon plus 25% C0 2 , and argon plus 2% 0 2 (left to right).

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