By H.G. Wright
In this amazing ebook, Gary Wright focuses thirty years’ adventure as a relations doctor, and his Ph.D. in philosophy, to deal with the character of fine clinical reasoning. Wright folds cognitive technological know-how right into a pragmatist framework built by means of John Dewey; this replacement view of brain and clinical judgment results in a version of reasoning that gives practical assistance for scientific judgements, person who each one people would need our personal physicians to adopt.
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Additional resources for Means, Ends and Medical Care
The second part of the chapter details why the “disease” category must be understood as a radial category, extended by many devices from central prototypical members. ” The large disease category springing originally from observations about clusters of symptoms, has indistinct boundaries grading off into certain allied and cognitively “neighboring” categories. These include “crime,” “weakness,” “old age,” “lack of fertility,” “suffering,” “eccentricity” and probably others. ” HEALTH AND DISEASE 43 IMPORTANT AND PARTLY METAPHORICAL MODELS OF DISEASE AND HEALTH The main disease models identified here, and some of them elsewhere,4 are (1) Disease Is Mechanical Breakdown (2) Disease Is The Abnormal, (3) Disease Is Disintegration (of a whole), (4) the related Disease Is Disorder, (5) Disease Is Imbalance, (6) Disease Is Loss Of A Vital Fluid and (7) Disease Is Being Under Attack.
Many others could be added to this short list, but the point is that many evaluative stances are understood metaphorically in terms of these basic, literal physical experiences and emotional states. The most pervasive and widespread metaphors of evaluation are what J. Grady identified as primary metaphors. ”32 Examples important for evaluation include: 1) Affection Is Warmth. 2) Important Is Big. 3) Happy Is Up. 4) Intimacy Is Closeness. 5) Bad Is Stinky. 33 The prototypical ends are food, warmth, water, sex, companionship, security and freedom from symptoms, as discussed earlier.
Freedom Of Action Is The Lack Of Impediments To Transfer. Long Term Activities Are Long Term Acquisitions Or Distributions Of Objects. COGNITIVE SEMANTIC STRUCTURES 25 Some examples of how these metaphorical mappings work are given below: Attributes Are Possessions (there is a gradation in this metaphorical system from a literal pole; “He got a tan,” through a middle range with mixed metaphorical and literal elements. ) Note also that the image schema of support is invoked. ” “We will only get the diagnosis when the illness declares itself ” (becomes observable).