Maps and Civilization: Cartography in Culture and Society by Norman J. W. Thrower

By Norman J. W. Thrower

During this concise advent to the background of cartography, Norman J. W. Thrower charts the intimate hyperlinks among maps and historical past from antiquity to the current day. A wealth of illustrations, together with the oldest recognized map and modern examples made utilizing Geographical info structures (GIS), light up the numerous ways that quite a few human cultures have interpreted spatial relationships.The moment ediion of Maps and Civilization accommodates quite a few revisions and has new fabric further during the book."The preferable one-volume background of cartography. . . . Maps and Civilization might be an in depth better half for somebody drawn to maps: the place they got here from, the place they're now, and the place to head for extra detail."--John P. Snyder, Mercator's WorldNorman J. W. Thrower is professor emeritus of geography on the collage of California, la. His different books comprise status at the Shoulders of Giants: an extended View of Newton and Halley and Sir Francis Drake and the recognized Voyage, 1577-1580.

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Extra resources for Maps and Civilization: Cartography in Culture and Society 2nd Edition

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The first step taken is a simple one that is informed by the historical context of the late nineteenth century. In light of the dualities inherent within the Society, it is more fruitful to conceptualize China and Japan’s socialization process as an engagement with a Janus-faced European International Society. As ‘semicivilized’ entities, both states encountered the modes of interaction that aimed for coexistence among ‘civilized’ states and ‘civilizing’ the ‘backward’ polities. Chinese and Japanese attempts to gain admission to the Society (provided that they sought to do so) are most likely to have involved the adoption of certain characteristics of both faces of the Society.

54 The ‘achievements of the West’ (including the institutions of International Society) and the English School’s implicit confidence in them ‘supply a universal yardstick by which to assess the degree of development of other societies’ within English School accounts,55 and this results in depicting the expansion of the Society as a global spread of ‘progressive’ elements of International Society (particularly international law and European-style diplomacy) that promote order and coexistence. Even when the role played by European imperialism in the expansion of the Society is acknowledged, how this may have affected the non-European states’ socialization remains underexplored.

29 The belief in the inevitable progress of humankind led by the White/European race also created what John M. Hobson calls the ‘Peter Pan theory’ of the East, which conjured up a romantic image of the Other as more helpless than cruel, as well as being alluring, promiscuous and exotic. 31 Socialization into International Society 19 Historical realities are of course often more complex, and late nineteenthcentury European International Society was no exception. It should be acknowledged that despite the fact that the mode of interaction that governed the ‘civilized’ European states aimed for some form of coexistence, by the time China and Japan’s socialization into European International Society was taking place, the system of maintaining the balance of power within Europe through a great power Concert had been seriously eroded.

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