By Franz Rosenthal, Dimitri Gutas
In guy as opposed to Society in Medieval Islam, Franz Rosenthal (1914-2003) investigates the tensions and conflicts that existed among participants and society because the concentration of his research of Muslim social historical past. The e-book brings jointly works spanning fifty years: the monographs The Muslim inspiration of Freedom, The Herb. cannabis as opposed to Medieval Muslim Society (Brill, 1971), playing in Islam (Brill, 1975), and Sweeter than wish. grievance and wish in Medieval Islam (Brill,1983), besides all of the articles on unsanctioned practices, sexuality, and institutional studying. Reprinted right here jointly for the 1st time, they represent the main wide selection of resource fabric on a majority of these issues from all genres of Arabic writing, judiciously translated and analyzed. No different learn up to now offers the landscape of medieval Muslim societies of their manifold features in as special, entire, and illuminating a manner.
Author: Franz Rosenthal. Edited via Dimitri Gutas.
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Extra info for Man Versus Society in Medieval Islam
1 Another positive statement that can be made about freedom concerns the need for a distinction between different kinds of freedom. Freedom 1 P. Weiss, Man’s Freedom (New Haven, 1950), 29. the problem 27 has different “levels,” as they might be called, which can be kept separate. However, it must be understood that the distinction is not an absolute one. On the contrary, wherever the concept was effective as an historical force, there was, of necessity, an interaction between the various “levels” of freedom.
Kittel (trans. W. Bromiley [Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1964]), disregards phthonos and discusses “envy” in the entry zêlos. Cf. al-Jâḥiẓ, Risâlat faṣl mâ bayn al-ʿadâwah wa-l-ḥasad, ed. P. Kraus and M. Ṭâhâ al-Ḥâjirî, Majmûʿ Rasâʾil al-Jâḥiẓ, 123 (Cairo 1943). Cf. al-Jâḥiẓ, loc. cit. the study of muslim intellectual and social history 19 With the growth of scholarly and scientific activity, competition found an even wider scope. The production of something that others had not done or thought of before was its most important aim.
As in the case of competition, pre-Islamic conditions can rather easily be compared with later Muslim attitudes to show changes that took place within a large time frame and to allow us to gauge the influence of Islam, although even here, there are pitfalls to be avoided. Within Islam, the situation is very clouded. Much of the principal source material belongs to a stock that was preserved by constant repetition. It seems that wherever we are able to check its history, we find ourselves back in rather early periods of Islam.