Making Enemies: Humiliation and International Conflict by Evelin Lindner

By Evelin Lindner

Whilst the statue of Saddam Hussein fell and Iraqis danced at the physique, hitting it with their footwear, there has been pleasure. Moments later, while an American soldier climbed the statue to put an American flag at the face, there has been a countrywide gasp, a second of humiliation for the Iraqis. american citizens had claimed to be releasing them, however the putting of the yankee flag used to be an indication of conquest. The flag used to be fast got rid of and changed with an Iraqi flag, yet these stressful moments have been a short instance of the ability and in all probability far-reaching, unstable results of humiliating acts, even if accidental. during this interesting paintings, Dr. Linder examines and explains, throughout background and international locations, how this little-understood, often-overlooked emotion sparks outrage, uprisings, clash and war.With the insights of a pro psychologist and peace pupil, the analytical ability of a linguist who speaks seven languages, and the scholarship of a Columbia collage professor, Lindner explains which phrases and activities can humiliate, how the sufferer perceives these phrases and activities, what the implications were, and the way participants and corporations can paintings to prevent cases sooner or later. From acts of humiliation in Nazi Germany to intentional humiliations reminiscent of these at Abu Graib, from occasions in the course of the bloodbaths in Rwanda and Somalia, to precursors to the assaults at the dual Towers in big apple, Lindner deals vibrant examples to provide an explanation for how humiliation should be on the center of overseas clash.

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So you could forget the rightful place of a woman? We should never have sent you to school! A woman bears her husband’s children and obeys him! That is her role! ” Stop! ” 30 In other words, in the English-speaking world, humiliation was not seen as hurtful until about 250 years ago. Englishspeaking people were not isolated in their attitudes. ” Even when underlings rebelled, it was to replace the master rather than to dismantle the hierarchy. The emergence of the modern meaning of the word humiliation (1757) cooccurs with a number of other transitions.

I also make the point that this use is not compulsory. It can be rejected. A vertical scale may be applied to human worth and value in many ways—it can generate rigid caste systems or it can generate a sense of the equal dignity and humble solidarity of all humans. CHAPTER 2 ONCE THE CURE, NOW THE DISEASE Nazi Germany is not the only society that operated on the assumption that it is legitimate to rank humans as beings of more or less worth and value, although Nazi culture exhibited unusual cruelty in the way it implemented this belief.

1. In this effort, he pulls together elements from anthropology, game theory, and conflict studies to describe three major types of society: simple hunter-gatherers, complex agriculturists, and the current knowledge society. In Ury’s system, simple huntergatherers live in a world of coexistence and open networks, within which conflicts are negotiated, rather than addressed by coercion. The abundance of wild food represents an expandable pie of resources that does not force opponents into win-lose paradigms.

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