Making and Remaking Mosques in Senegal by Cleo Cantone

By Cleo Cantone

This ebook constitutes a seminal contribution to the fields of Islamic architectural historical past and gender reports. it's the first significant empirical research of the heritage and present nation of mosque development in Senegal and the 1st learn of mosque house from a gender viewpoint. the writer positions Senegalese mosques in the box of Islamic architectural historical past, unraveling their historical past via pre-colonial tourists’ money owed to conversations with present-day planners, imams and ladies who constantly form and reshape the mosques they worship in. utilizing modern Dakar as a case examine, the book’s moment target is to discover the function of ladies within the “making and remaking” of mosques. particularly, the increase of non-tariqa grass-roots hobbies (i.e.: the “Sunni/Ibadou” flow) has empowered ladies (particularly younger women) and has vastly bolstered their means to exploit mosques as locations of spirituality, schooling and socialization. The textual content is aimed toward numerous really expert readerships: readers drawn to Islam in West Africa, within the function of girls in Islam, in addition to these drawn to the sociology and art-history of mosques.

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The Portuguese caravels reached Africa in 15th century, whereas Islam had already been established there for at least five centuries through trade with the north and east. 4 introduction As a result of north-south commercial and cultural exchange, far more continuity and homogeneity existed between Saharan and subSaharan cultures. Derived from the Bilad al-Sudan (literally the land of the Blacks), the French Sudan (le soudan francais or Nigritie) denoted French dominions in West Africa distinguishing it from their North African territories known as Barbarie or les Etats Barbaresques.

30 The focus of Chapter Four in fact begins with the building of the Great Mosque of Dakar in the early post-Independence years marked the apex of this conscious ‘Islamization’ of architecture. The style, craftsmen and finance were imported from Morocco, thus officially tying the knot between the Tijani spiritual capital Fez and the local Tijani capital of Tivaouane in Senegal. Towards the end of the 1970s, Saudi Arabian oil wealth started to vie for influence on sub-Saharan Africa in order to counteract the effects of the Iranian Revolution.

Le gouverneur André Bruë y jeta les fondements d’un sérieux établissement colonial de 1697 à 1723 ; mais après lui s’écoula une période d’inertie, parfois même d’occupation anglaise, Faidherbe, gouverneur du Sénégal de 1854 à 1865, sut asseoir solidement notre domination, soumit diverses tribus récalcitrantes, organisa l’administration, fit construire des routes. 1 Senegal’s diverse cultural influences straddling Atlantic and Saharan trade routes make it at once a Sahelian and an Atlantic country.

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