By James R. Davila
Internationale Zeitschriftenshau fur Bibelwissenshaft und Grenzgebiete
"Davila, one of many top overseas specialists at the useless Sea Scrolls, interprets and partly reconstructs the very fragmentary corpus of texts that experts have determined to categorise as 'liturgical'. . . The virtue of the current quantity is the designated, line-by-line observation which summarizes, vitamins, and often corrects previous study. Davila has set a excessive usual for the sequence of which the current ebook occurs to be the 1st installment."
Religious reports Review
"The nice energy of the paintings is located within the statement part, the place Davila presents large references to biblical, Rabbinic, Christian and Hekhalot literature. it's a major source for students and scholars drawn to realizing the Qumran liturgical texts of their old and literary context. "
Among the helpful manuscripts of the useless Sea Scrolls are various fragments of liturgical texts concerning the ritual lifetime of Jews dwelling round the flip of the typical period. those attention-grabbing writings contain prayers for annual gala's, a covenant renewal liturgy, a paranormal liturgy for Sabbath sacrifices, a grace rite for mourners, day-by-day and weekly prayers, liturgies of purification, and even perhaps a marriage rite. during this quantity, the 1st to be released within the Eerdmans Commentaries at the useless Sea Scrolls sequence, James Davila introduces, interprets, and offers a close exegesis of those vital documents.
The e-book starts off with a basic advent to the Qumran library and Jewish liturgical traditions. Davila then offers an advent, translation, notes at the unique Hebrew, and line-by-line remark for every of the Qumran liturgical works. Davila's first-class translation paintings combines overlapping fragmentary manuscripts right into a unmarried, easily flowing textual content, and his statement contains quite a few clean insights and observations on those writings. Giving complete consciousness to parallel texts present in the Hebrew Bible and different Jewish and Christian writings via overdue antiquity, Davila firmly situates the Qumran liturgical works of their historic context in moment Temple Judaism and discusses their value as historical past to the Jewish liturgy, Jewish mysticism, and Christian origins.
Shedding gentle on a interval of Jewish heritage whose ritual existence previously lay nearly solely in darkness, this quantity makes--and next ECDSS volumes will make--a important contribution to our knowing of the biblical world.
Special Abbreviations, Symbols, and first Sources
Festival Prayers (1Q34 + 1Q34bis, 4Q507, 4Q508, 4Q509 + 4Q505)
4QBerakhot (4Q286-90, 4Q280?)
Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice (4Q400-407, 11Q17, Mas1K)
Times for Praising God (4Q409)
Grace after foodstuff (4Q434a)
A Lamentation (4Q501)
A marriage ceremony? (4Q502)
Daily Prayers (4Q503)
The phrases of the Luminaries (4Q504, 4Q506)
Purification Liturgies (4Q512, 4Q414)
Dead Sea Scrolls
Other old Writings
Read Online or Download Liturgical Works PDF
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Additional info for Liturgical Works
HUCA 44 (1973) 153-96. Wertheimer, Shlomo Aharon, and Abraham Joseph Wertheimer. Batei Midrashot: Twenty-five Midrashim Published for the First Time from Manuscripts Discovered in the Genizoth ofJerusalem and Egyptwith Introductions and Annotations (in Hebrew). 2 vols. 2nd ed. Jerusalem: Ktab Yad Wasepher, 1968. ) 4Q286 (4QBerakh0t 3 ) 4Q286 1i" A liturgical fragment 7 [. ] our . . 8 [. ] Amen. Note 3 The line numbers of this column are determined by those of column ii of the same fragment. Commentary Lines 7-8.
1 0 [ . . ] Commentary Line 3. For God as shepherd, see Isa 40:11; Ezek 34:13-16; Hos 4:16; Ps 23:1; 28:9. Lines 5-6. Falk notes that early traditions (Jub. 32; 11Q19 xxix:8-10) associate Booths with the covenant God made with Jacob at Bethel, as recounted in Gen 28:10-22, and he suggests very tentatively that this story could provide a context appropriate for references to inheritance and angels (p. 172). 1 reconstruct a concluding benediction followed by the double amen. Line 8. The surviving fragments of the prayer that begins in this line and continues in the rest of the column are too poorly preserved for us to be sure which festival it celebrated.
Amen" at the end of the ceremony. Thus the rituals in the Berakhot and the Community Rule are extremely similar yet not identical. Perhaps we should assume there was a short liturgy of blessings on the sectarian group as well, even though no trace of it survives on the leather. Blessings are an integral part of the covenant renewal ceremony going back to the second millennium BCE; although they received less emphasis as time went on, it is hard to imagine that they were ever dropped entirely. They are found in the corresponding ceremony in 1QS ii:l-4a.