By Vartan Gregorian
After global struggle II, prime western powers centred their awareness on scuffling with the "Red Menace," Communism. this present day, as terrorist task is more and more associated with militant Islamism, a few politicians and students worry a "Green Menace," a Pan-Islamic totalitarian flow fueled by way of monolithic spiritual ideology. Such fears haven't any beginning in background, in accordance with Vartan Gregorian. during this succinct, robust survey of Islam, Gregorian makes a speciality of Muslim range and department, portraying the religion and its humans as a mosaic, now not a monolith. The e-book starts off with an available evaluate of Islam's tenets, associations, evolution, and old position. Gregorian lines its origins and primary ideas, from Muhammad's name to religion approximately 1,400 years in the past to the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in international battle I, and the next abolition of the Caliphate. He focuses specific realization on the serious fight among modernists and traditionalists, interplay among faith and nationalism, and key advancements that experience brought on sour divisions between Muslim international locations and states: the walls of Palestine, the get a divorce and Islamization of Pakistan, the 1978 revolution in Iran, and the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. this present day Islamist perspectives variety around the whole spectra of non secular and political idea, and Islamism is something yet a unified stream. whereas non secular extremists have tried to shape a confederacy of like-minded radicals in lots of international locations, a lot of the Muslim inhabitants lives in rather sleek, secular states. Gregorian urges Westerners to distinguish among activist Islamist events, which promote--sometimes violently--Islam as an ideology in a theocratic kingdom, and Islamic events, whose conventional contributors wish their secular political platforms to co-exist with the ethical ideas in their faith. Gregorian emphasizes the significance of faith in ultra-modern international and urges states, societies, and intellectuals to interfere so as to hinder Islam--as good as different religions--from turning into the political device of a variety of events and states. He recommends carrying on with dialogues among modernist and traditionalist Muslims, in addition to one of the knowledgeable, secular elite and their clerical opposite numbers. He additionally urges U.S.-led efforts to interact and higher comprehend the range of Muslim groups within the usa and the realm. Lamenting frequent U.S. lack of information of the world's fastest-growing faith, Gregorian calls on "enlightened voters" to advertise overseas knowing, tolerance, and peace.
Read Online or Download Islam: A Mosaic, Not a Monolith PDF
Best islam books
Al-Mu'ayyad fi'l-DÌn al-ShÌrzÌ (d. 470/1087) was once an excellent, multi-talented Fatimid pupil of Persian starting place. He excelled as a missionary-agent, statesman, poet, preacher and theologian. in line with his autobiography, this paintings offers an perception into the impressive existence and achievements of al-Mu'ayyad via vital phases of his profession, describing his bold try to win over the Buyids of western Iran to the Fatimid reason, his risky flight to Cairo and at last his day trip to Syria and Iraq to accumulate an alliance of neighborhood rulers opposed to the invading Saljuk Turks.
AMERICAN LECTURES at the background OF RELIGIONSSERIES OF 1914-1915MohammedanismLectures on Its starting place, Its non secular and Political development, and Its current MohammedanismISOME issues about the foundation OF ISLÂMThere are greater than 2 hundred million those who name themselves after the identify of Mohammed, wouldn't relinquish that identify at any fee, and can't think a better blessing for the rest of humanity than to be included into their communion.
Helmut Krieger untersucht den Staatsformierungsprozess in den besetzten palästinensischen Gebieten aus politökonomischer Perspektive. Die Palästinensische Autonomiebehörde wird dabei als strategisches Terrain analysiert, in dem Kooperationen, Konflikte und Kämpfe zwischen der israelischen Okkupationsmacht, westlichen Entwicklungsagenturen sowie palästinensischen Organisationen verdichtet werden.
Now to be had in paperback, The Reconciliation of the basics of Islamic legislations (or Al-Muwafaqat fi Usul al-Shari'), written by means of Ibrahim ibn Musa Abu Ishaaq al-Shatibi, was once and continues to be an innovation in Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), considering, for the 1st time, the goals of shari'a have been addressed.
- The Origins of the Shī'a: Identity, Ritual, and Sacred Space in Eighth-Century Kūfa (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization)
- Unfolding Islam
- Why We Left Islam: Former Muslims Speak Out
- The Spiritual Background of Early Islam (Brill Classics in Islam) by M.M. Bravmann (2009-01-31)
- Islamic Theology, Philosophy and Law Debating Ibn Taymiyya and Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya STIO 27 (Studien Zur Geschichte Und Kultur Des Islamischen Orients. N)
- A Muslim in Victorian America: The Life of Alexander Russell Webb
Extra info for Islam: A Mosaic, Not a Monolith
In addition, other ulama advocated various levels of independent reason as acceptable in applying the hadith and Qur’an to issues of the day. On one side, the Usulis felt free to use analogies and rationality in interpreting the sacred texts; at the other end of the spectrum, the Akhbaris insisted on a strict, literal reading. The Twelver denomination has about 140 million members in more than a dozen nations today. Twelver Shiism became the official religion of Iranians during the Safavid empire in the early sixteenth century.
45 During those five “golden” centuries, Muslim realms became the world’s unrivaled intellectual centers of science, medicine, philosophy, and education. The Abbasids championed the role of knowledge and are renowned for such enlightened achievements as creating a “House of Wisdom” in Baghdad, the city they built on the banks of the Tigris river. 46 Classic works by Aristotle, Archimedes, Euclid, Hypocrites, Plutarch, Ptolemy, and others were translated. Christian monks created Arabic versions of the Bible, and many Jewish philosophers wrote in Arabic.
Nationalism was an equal opportunity ideology. It was welcomed not only by non-Muslim ethnic groups, but also by minority ethnic groups of Muslims who attempted to find autonomy or independence. Following the Greeks’ success in winning independence in 1830, all the others headed toward autonomy. Far more controversial, however, was the rise of nationalism among Arabs, Turks, and other majority ethnic groups, who were Muslims. Such a development posed a great challenge to the concept of a single Muslim umma with a single ruler.