Imperial Portugal in the Age of Atlantic Revolutions: The by Gabriel Paquette

By Gabriel Paquette

Because the British, French and Spanish Atlantic empires have been torn aside within the Age of Revolutions, Portugal gradually pursued reforms to tie its American, African and eu territories extra heavily jointly. finally, after a interval of revival and prosperity, the Luso-Brazilian global additionally succumbed to revolution, which finally led to Brazil's independence from Portugal. the 1st of its style within the English language to check the Portuguese Atlantic international within the interval from 1750 to 1850, this e-book finds that regardless of formal separation, the hyperlinks and relationships that survived the death of empire entwined the ancient trajectories of Portugal and Brazil much more tightly than earlier than. From constitutionalism to monetary coverage to the matter of slavery, Portuguese and Brazilian statesmen and political writers laboured below the lengthy shadow of empire as they sought to start anew and forge reliable post-imperial orders on either side of the Atlantic.

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15 As anticipated, the Coimbra reform strengthened the connection between higher education and state service, symbolized by the preference for natural and civil law over Roman and canon law. 16 The advancement of “useful knowledge” was prized above all else. Well after the implementation of the reform, Souza Coutinho warned of the “danger” of education sponsored by religious institutions. ”17 Almost thirty years later, Principal Souza, then head of the Governadores do Reino administering Portugal during the Court’s absence, advised Dom João that the reduction of the number of chairs in Roman Law would aid the kingdom’s prosperity.

39–40. 36 S. J. Miller 1978, pp. 240–50; Monteiro 2006; Maxwell 1995.  G. Monteiro, “A Occupação da Terra,” in Lains and Silva 2005, vol. I, p. 87. 38 Pombal thus accentuated certain pre-existing aspects of Portuguese political culture by erasing those which distracted from it. The extreme reactions his reforms provoked should not distract attention from recognition that Pombal was a pragmatic and subtle adapter. 39 Pombal believed that Portugal’s fortunes could be improved through comprehensive colonial reform.

299; and Lyra 1994, p. 44. 3 Hopkins 1999, p. 206. 4 J. L. Cardoso, “Nas Malhas do Império: A Economia Política e a Política Colonial de D. Rodrigo de Souza Coutinho,” in Cardoso 2001, p. 81. 2 20 Imperial Portugal in the Age of Atlantic Revolutions component parts. The Peninsula remained the intended primary beneficiary of all policies. 5 He and his coterie strove to maintain Brazil as a producer of agricultural commodities intended for export to Portugal as well as a captive market for peninsular manufacturers.

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