Hitler's Forgotten Ally: Ion Antonescu and his Regime, by Dennis Deletant

By Dennis Deletant

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108 The decree was intended to persuade Jews to emigrate, and demonstrated clearly what Carol had in mind for them when he gave an interview to A. L. 109 Public opinion in Britain was unnerved. 110 The French minister, Adrien Thierry, followed suit. Jewish and foreign business concerns ceased trading in protest against the government, thus threatening economic collapse. But anti-Semitism had become such a powerful card in Romania that no government could afford to ignore it. 111 New elections were called by Carol against a background of conflict between Cuza’s supporters and those of Codreanu.

107 This wave of discrimination culminated in a Decree on the Revision of Citizenship, promulgated on 21 January 1938, which targeted 34 Hitler’s Forgotten Ally all Jews who had obtained Romanian naturalization, whether on the basis of their own declarations, or following a court decision. The Jews were required to submit documentary proof of their right to citizenship within 30 days, a condition that most could not meet since they could not obtain the necessary documents in time. 108 The decree was intended to persuade Jews to emigrate, and demonstrated clearly what Carol had in mind for them when he gave an interview to A.

Clothing and shoes were distributed by the Red Cross to the needy. Medical assistance and medicines were given free of charge. Some idea of the scale of assistance given can be gained from the work of the Red Cross office in Iasi, which organized a canteen in the main railway station there. 50 The plight of the refugees proved relatively short-lived. After the re-conquest of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina by the German and Romanian armies in July 1941, the great majority returned to their homes.

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