Handbook of Alien Species in Europe by Delivering Alien Invasive Species

By Delivering Alien Invasive Species

Biological invasions via alien (non-native) species are well known as an important component to human-caused worldwide environmental swap and the second one most crucial explanation for biodiversity decline. Alien species threaten many ecu ecosystems and feature critical environmental, monetary and overall healthiness affects. The DAISIE (Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe) venture has now introduced jointly all on hand info on alien species in Europe (terrestrial, aquatic and marine) and from all taxa (fungi, crops, animals). therefore for the 1st time, an outline and review of organic invasions within the Pan-European zone is ultimately attainable.

The guide of Alien Species in Europe summarises the most important findings of this groundbreaking study and addresses the invasion traits, pathways, and both economic as good as ecological impression for 8 significant taxonomic groups. Approximately 11.000 alien species recorded in Europe are indexed, and truth sheets for a hundred of the main invasive alien species are integrated, each one with a distribution map and color illustration.

The publication is complemented through an often up to date net database supplying loose additional info. With its hugely interdisciplinary process, DAISIE and its guide stands out as the foundation for destiny medical investigations in addition to administration and keep watch over of alien invasive species in Europe.

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This especially applies to non pathogenic fungi. The introduction and spread of saprophytic fungi have been documented, but their impacts are rarely known. Clathrus archeri, the octopus stinkhorn, is a typical example. After its accidental arrival in Europe in 1920, probably through wool import from Australia, it spread throughout Europe reaching high population levels (hundreds of fruiting bodies) in some locations (Parent et al. 2000). But the possible prejudice to native fungi has not yet been studied.

These include, as a matter of priority, measures to prevent such introduction occurring, and measures to control or eradicate those species following an invasion. Subsequently, under the auspices of the Bern Convention, the European Strategy on Invasive Alien Species was launched in 2002 (Council of Europe 2002). With increasing awareness of the problem there followed recognition of policy and legislative commitments. A significant number of international policies and directives encompass alien species legislation in Europe (reviewed in detail by Miller et al.

For each species, an attempt was made to gather information on native range, date of introduction, habitat, known impacts and population status. Considerable effort was required to ensure synonyms were accounted for accurately and all national lists were independently reviewed by experts. Fig. 1 The geographic regions encompassed by the DAISIE database (shaded). Data were collated for the European Union as well as Andorra, Iceland, Israel Liechtenstein, Moldova, Monaco, Norway, the European part of Russia, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine as well as former Yugoslavian states in the Balkans.

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