Handbook of Alien Species in Europe by Philip E. Hulme, David B. Roy, Teresa Cunha (auth.)

By Philip E. Hulme, David B. Roy, Teresa Cunha (auth.)

Biological invasions via alien (non-native) species are widely known as an important component to human-caused worldwide environmental swap and the second one most crucial explanation for biodiversity decline. Alien species threaten many eu ecosystems and feature severe environmental, monetary and well-being affects. The DAISIE (Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe) venture has now introduced jointly all to be had info on alien species in Europe (terrestrial, aquatic and marine) and from all taxa (fungi, crops, animals). therefore for the 1st time, an outline and evaluate of organic invasions within the Pan-European quarter is eventually attainable.

The guide of Alien Species in Europe summarises the main findings of this groundbreaking study and addresses the invasion traits, pathways, and either fiscal in addition to ecological influence for 8 significant taxonomic teams. nearly 11.000 alien species recorded in Europe are indexed, and truth sheets for a hundred of the main invasive alien species are incorporated, each one with a distribution map and color illustration.

The publication is complemented by means of a frequently up to date web database delivering unfastened additional info. With its hugely interdisciplinary strategy, DAISIE and its guide may be the foundation for destiny medical investigations in addition to administration and keep an eye on of alien invasive species in Europe.

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A few species of edible fungi have also been introduced outside their native range into various parts of Europe. Agaricus bisporus, native to western and southern Europe, has escaped and established in other regions (without any apparent negative impact, Essl and Rabitsch 2002). Conversely, Lentinula edodes, the Asian shiitake mushroom cultivated in several European countries, has not hitherto been reported to occur in natural environments. Most alien fungi, especially symbionts (including pathogenic and mycorrhizal fungi) therefore entered Europe as contaminants (sensu Hulme et al.

The inventory should be established using common definitions and criteria, and aims to cover all taxa known to be invasive, and all European countries, water bodies and seas. Where possible, the distribution of known invasions should be presented graphically. The work should also assess the ecological, economic and health risks and impacts of biological invasions in Europe as well as indicators for early warning. As a result of competitive bidding among several different research proposals, the contract for the alien invasive species inventory was awarded to a consortium of leading researchers of biological invasions in Europe, drawn from 18 institutions across 15 countries.

European Alien Species Database: including all known alien species in Europe 3. European Invasive Alien Species Information System: descriptions of key alien species known to be invasive in Europe that includes distribution maps of key invasive alien species in Europe known or suspected of having environmental or economic impacts Each of these activities is briefly described below and they have been integrated together as a single internet portal for information on European alien species (www. org).

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