God’s Caliph: Religious Authority in the First Centuries of by Patricia Crone

By Patricia Crone

This learn examines how non secular authority was once allotted in early Islam. It argues the case that, as in Shi'ism, it used to be targeted within the head of country, instead of dispersed between discovered laymen as in Sunnism. initially the caliph used to be either head of kingdom and supreme resource of non secular legislations; the Sunni trend represents the result of a clash among the caliph and early students who, as spokesmen of the group, assumed spiritual management for themselves. Many Islamicists have assumed the Shi'ite idea of the imamate to be a deviant improvement. by contrast, this publication argues that it really is an archaism keeping the concept that of spiritual authority with which all Muslims begun.

Show description

Read or Download God’s Caliph: Religious Authority in the First Centuries of Islam PDF

Best islam books

Memoirs of a Mission: The Ismaili Scholar, Statesman and Poet, al-Mu'yyad fi'l Din al-Shirazi (Ismaili Heritage)

Al-Mu'ayyad fi'l-DÌn al-ShÌrzÌ (d. 470/1087) used to be an excellent, multi-talented Fatimid pupil of Persian beginning. He excelled as a missionary-agent, statesman, poet, preacher and theologian. in accordance with his autobiography, this paintings offers an perception into the impressive lifestyles and achievements of al-Mu'ayyad via very important phases of his occupation, describing his bold try to win over the Buyids of western Iran to the Fatimid reason, his risky flight to Cairo and at last his day trip to Syria and Iraq to accumulate an alliance of neighborhood rulers opposed to the invading Saljuk Turks.

Mohammedanism: Lectures on Its Origin, Its Religious and Political Growth, and Its Present State

AMERICAN LECTURES at the heritage OF RELIGIONSSERIES OF 1914-1915MohammedanismLectures on Its starting place, Its non secular and Political development, and Its current MohammedanismISOME issues about the beginning OF ISLÂMThere are greater than 200 million those who name themselves after the identify of Mohammed, wouldn't relinquish that identify at any fee, and can't think a better blessing for the rest of humanity than to be included into their communion.

Umkämpfte Staatlichkeit: Palästina zwischen Besatzung, Entwicklung und politischem Islam

​Helmut Krieger untersucht den Staatsformierungsprozess in den besetzten palästinensischen Gebieten aus politökonomischer Perspektive. Die Palästinensische Autonomiebehörde wird dabei als strategisches Terrain analysiert, in dem Kooperationen, Konflikte und Kämpfe zwischen der israelischen Okkupationsmacht, westlichen Entwicklungsagenturen sowie palästinensischen Organisationen verdichtet werden.

Reconciliation of the Fundamentals of Islamic Law: Al-Muwafaqat fi Usul al-Shari’a, Volume II

Now to be had in paperback, The Reconciliation of the basics of Islamic legislations (or Al-Muwafaqat fi Usul al-Shari'), written by means of Ibrahim ibn Musa Abu Ishaaq al-Shatibi, was once and continues to be an innovation in Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), considering, for the 1st time, the pursuits of shari'a have been addressed.

Additional resources for God’s Caliph: Religious Authority in the First Centuries of Islam

Sample text

24:8; M. Hinds, 'The Banners and Battle Cries of the Arabs at Siftin (657 AD)', ai-Abhath 24 (1971), p. 17, §2; Brock, 'Syriac Views', p. 14 (citing Bar Penkaye and the Chronicle ad 1234, where Mu~ammad appears as mhaddyana). 132 Jalir, p. 47410 • 133 Farazdaq, vol. 11, p. 8401• 134 It should be clear from all this that we cannot agree with Nagel that the' surrogate institution of the imamate ... only played a purely negative role for the Umayyad caliphate' (Rechtleitung, p. SO). Nor are we convinced that the concept of the ruler as deputy of God became more intense under 'Abd ai-Malik, as Rotter suggests (Bilrgerkrieg, pp.

He answered our prayer and saved us from evil through the caliphate of the mahdi', as al-Farazdaq said with reference to Sulaymin. 109 But this is not a point we wish to pursue in this 94 Farazdaq, vol. 1, p. 3521 • 95 Farazdaq, vol. 1, p. 3291 ; compare vol. 11, p. JUlina of the two 'Umars in which there is shifti' IN-~udiir min al-sllfliim '. 11, p. 6231 , with reference to the death ofal-l;laijij and the accession of Sulaymin. Cf. p. 63811 (Sulaymin put right every qar/ii' jii'ir, followed by a reference to al-qa4ii' brt-l}aqq); Jarir, p.

Messengers belonged to the past: the present had been made over to caliphs. There is considerable evidence to suggest that al-Walid's conception of the relationship between prophets and caliphs was that espoused by the Umayyads at large. lliih on the other would suggest a similar {or possibly more radical) conception. As regards the Marwiinids, al-Walid's views are echoed in letters by Yazid III and Marwin II in a manner suggesting that his sacred history came out of a standard file in the bureaucracy1t ; and they are also reflected in the stories in which Umayyad governors and others credit God's deputy with a status higher than that of His messenger.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.78 of 5 – based on 9 votes