By Axel Liebscher, Ute Münch
This ebook explores the commercial use of safe, everlasting garage applied sciences for carbon dioxide (CO2), specifically geological CO2 garage. Readers are invited to find how this greenhouse gasoline will be spared from everlasting liberate into the ambience via garage in deep rock formations. topics explored right here comprise CO2 reservoir administration, caprock formation, bio-chemical procedures and fluid migration. specific consciousness is given to groundwater security, the advance of sensor expertise, borehole seals and cement quality.
A collaborative paintings by means of scientists and commercial companions, this quantity offers unique examine, it investigates numerous elements of cutting edge applied sciences for medium-term use and it incorporates a exact chance analysis.
Coal-based energy new release, power eating business approaches (such as metal and cement) and the burning of biomass all bring about carbon dioxide. these interested by such industries who're contemplating geological garage of CO2, in addition to earth scientists and engineers will price this ebook and the cutting edge tracking equipment defined. Researchers within the box of desktop imaging and trend attractiveness also will locate whatever of curiosity in those chapters.
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Extra info for Geological Storage of CO2 – Long Term Security Aspects: GEOTECHNOLOGIEN Science Report No. 22
Since the radiation path length is known, the spectrometer, by design, is sensitive to its own artiﬁcially emitted radiation only; high-precision gas concentration measurements are possible. In our study, OP FTIR spectroscopy was evaluated and is considered to be a suitable tool for use as part of an early warning monitoring concept. A fully automated high resolution active OP FTIR spectrometer system was designed within the frame of the MONACO project, fulﬁlling the requirements for reliable large-scale atmospheric monitoring at CCS sites (Bruker 2014).
Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 4(6):960–971. 013 Würdemann H, Möller F, Kühn M, Heidug W, Christensen NP, Borm G, Schilling F (2010) CO2SINK—from site characterisation and risk assessment to monitoring and veriﬁcation: one year of operational experience with the ﬁeld laboratory for CO2 storage at Ketzin, Germany. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 4(6):938–951. 010 Yordkayhun S, Tryggvason A, Norden B, Juhlin C, Bergmann B (2009) 3D seismic traveltime tomography imaging of the shallow subsurface at the CO2SINK project site, Ketzin, Germany.
Environ Geosci 18:119–130 Zimmer M, Erzinger J, Kujawa C, CO2SINK Group (2011b) The gas membrane sensor (GMS): a new method for gas measurements in deep boreholes applied at the CO2SINK site. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 5:995–1001 MONACO—Monitoring Approach for Geological CO2 Storage Sites Using a Hierarchical Observation Concept Claudia Schütze, Karin Bräuer, Peter Dietrich, Viktoria Engnath, Michael Gisi, Gunnar Horak, Carsten Leven, Alexander Lübben, Ingo Möller, Michael Nierychlo, Stefan Schlömer, Andreas Schuck, Ulrich Serfling, Arno Simon, Thomas Streil and Uta Sauer Abstract The reliable detection and assessment of potential CO2 leakages from storage formations require the application of assurance monitoring tools at different spatial scales.