By Kevin Fox Gotham, Daniel A. Krier
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Author note: Harry Dahms (Editor)
Since Karl Marx shaped his idea of capitalism within the 19th century, students have consistently up-to-date Marxian thought to seize the pervasiveness of commodity relatives in glossy society. motivated via Georg Lukács and Henri Lefebvre, the individuals of the French avant-guard workforce, the Situationist foreign (1957–1972), constructed an intransigent critique of client capitalism in keeping with the idea that of the spectacle. within the spectacle, media and patron society substitute lived event, the passive gaze of pictures supplants lively social participation, and new kinds of alienation set off social atomization at a extra summary point than in past societies.
We recreation to make theoretical contributions: First, we spotlight the contributions of the Situationist overseas, declaring how they revised the Marxian different types of alienation, commodification, and reification so that it will examine the dynamics of 20th century capitalism and to provide those ideas new explanatory strength. moment, we construct a serious concept of client capitalism that comes with the theoretical assumptions and arguments of the Situationists and the Frankfurt university.
Today, severe conception could make a major contribution to sociology through severely interpreting the plurality of spectacles and their reifying manifestations. moreover, serious theorists can discover how diversified spectacles hook up with each other, how they hook up with diversified social associations, and the way spectacles show contradictions and conflicting meanings. A severe idea of spectacle and intake can expose either novelties and discontinuities within the present interval, in addition to continuities within the improvement of globalized customer capitalism.
Read or Download From the culture industry to the society of the spectacle: Critical theory and the situationist international, in No Social Science without Critical Theory (Current Perspectives in Social Theory, Volume 25) PDF
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Extra resources for From the culture industry to the society of the spectacle: Critical theory and the situationist international, in No Social Science without Critical Theory (Current Perspectives in Social Theory, Volume 25)
7 Part One MORAL ENVIRONMENTALISM 1830–1860 1 CHOLERA Asiatic cholera, or cholera morbus, spread to Britain from India in a series of epidemics which engulfed much of Europe in the 1820s. The symptoms and the rapacity with which the disease struck must have been alarming even to a population used to the sight of typhus, scarlet fever and smallpox. The Central Board of Health issued a vivid description of the symptomatology: The attack of the disease in extreme cases is so sudden, that, from a state of apparent good health…an individual sustains as rapid a loss of bodily power as if he were suddenly struck down or poisoned; the countenance assuming a death-like appearance, the skin becoming cold….
Social medicine did not merely reflect pre-given class interests. Rather, through its theories of health and disease and systems of prevention, this discourse staked out the claims of a new domain of expertise. It was this specific regime of professional competence 19 DANGEROUS SEXUALITIES which not only validated the claims of an emergent group of experts, but also became critical to forms of social regulation. Sexual immorality and sexual disease were classic targets for these early medical campaigns.
3 These amounted to recommendations issued by the Board of Health authorising the creation of local boards, which were to be responsible for the monitoring and control of the disease. Beyond that there were a host of popular remedies, prayers and moral homilies administered by the local clergy. 4 The newly founded medical journal, the Lancet, along with other leading periodicals, carried numerous articles on the causes of cholera and the steps to be taken for prevention. Evidence was conflicting and contradictory, reflecting current medical divisions on the origins and transmission of disease.