Friends in School. Patterns of Selection and Influence in by Epstein Joyce L.

By Epstein Joyce L.

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3 Range of Percentages of Stable Friends from Grade 6 to Grade 12, for Time 1 Reciprocated or Unreciprocated Friends, for First, Second, and Third Best Friends" Percentage reciprocated and stable Friend 1 Friend 2 Friend 3 a 32-56 25-42 20-44 Percentage unreciprocated and stable 7-10 6-8 2-5 In all cases Grade 6 is the low and Grade 12 is the high percentage in the range. 3 shows the range of percentages from Grade 6 to Grade 12 of students whose first, second, and third best friends are stable.

In this chapter, we examine patterns of development in concepts of proximity, 3. Examining Theories of Adolescent Friendships 45 balance, status, exchange, and other-perspective-taking across the middle and high school grades. ADDING ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS TO THEORIES OF SELECTION Recent research on developmental issues has not considered that the environments in which youngsters interact influence whether, how early, and how deeply children develop abilities to consider many pieces of information simultaneously and take the perspective of others in social situations.

Second, recent sociological studies of peer association suggest that an environmental effects model may be required in a theory of friendship selection (Bidwell, 1972; Hallinan, 1976a). The environmental opportunities and constraints of school organizations (or other educating and socializing settings) affect how youngsters contact and interact with each other, how they interpret each other's behavior, how they select friends, and what others they select as friends. 39 FRIENDS IN SCHOOL Patterns of Selection and Influence in Secondary Schools Copyright © 1983 by Academic Press, Inc.

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