By Karin Gilland Lutz, S. Hug
Critics of referendums frequently lament that giant cash might purchase luck on the poll field. yet spending by way of curiosity teams can also be informative for voters. this may in simple terms ensue, even if, if the financing of referendum campaigns is regulated. This booklet bargains an summary of those rules and offers learn on their results.
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Additional resources for Financing Referendum Campaigns
Provisions in BC’s Election Act limiting independent (styled ‘third-party’ in Canadian parlance) advertising expenses were declared to have no force and effect by the Supreme Court of British Columbia (2000) and were consequently repealed. 5 But the financial restraints may be quite incidental. 6 Tolbert et al. 1) indicated that US states with the same statewide signature threshold as in BC see less than one initiative per electoral cycle. When geographicalbreadth and qualification-period restrictions are added, the predicted value is presumably close to nil.
For 20 of these ballot measures, the supporting side significantly outspent the opposing side and the measure passed in 15 cases, bringing the success rate to 75 per cent. In four cases, the opposing side outspent the supporting side and all of these initiatives failed, generating a success rate of 100 per cent. 1 provide some support for the hypothesis advanced in much of the literature: when the opposing side outspends the supporting side, it will most likely defeat the ballot initiative. This seems to answer the question of whether the amount of money spent is important for determining election outcomes.
Businesses and corporations are considered economic interest groups. Trade unions and citizen interest groups are included in the citizens’ group category. She defines professional interest groups, such as the California Trial Lawyers Association, as a hybrid group. Gerber’s (1999) economic interest groups are effective in blocking the passage of ballot measures; they are especially effective in maintaining the status quo. However, she does not find evidence that these groups effectively use ballot measures to change the status quo.