Female Offenders and Risk Assessment: Hidden in Plain Sight by Janet T. Davidson

By Janet T. Davidson

Davidson attracts on either quantitative and qualitative analyses to illustrate that there are major contextual changes among the onset and continuation of male and female offending. In flip, this demanding situations the underlying assumptions of chance and wish checks for woman offenders. whereas her study helps the predictive validity of a usual risk/need device (the LSI-R), the result of in-depth interviews with female and male offenders problem the content material validity of this tool. even though this device seems to be to gender-neutral, the veil of objectivity mask the position, particularly, of victimization within the lives of lady offenders and the way within which this impacts their dangers and wishes.

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An additional 5,035,225 individuals were under some form of community correctional supervision at year end 2006 (Glaze & Bonczar, 2007). Much of this overall correctional growth is attributable to deliberate policy changes, including those associated with the ‘war on drugs,’ rather than any measurable change in offending behavior (Kruttschnitt and Gartner, 2003; Tonry and Petersilia, 1999; Warren, 2008). As demonstrated in the previous chapter, Hawai‘i’s situation and correctional population have experienced parallel patterns of growth.

In a sense, these instruments can be viewed as a mechanism for statistically profiling individuals. Actuarial risk/need assessment instruments in criminal justice are generally meant to include the following: The use of statistical rather than clinical methods on large datasets to determine different levels of criminal offending associated with one or more group traits, in order (1) to predict past, present, or future criminal behavior and (2) to administer criminal justice outcome (Harcourt, 2007, Prologue).

The inclusion of dynamic factors, or factors that are changeable, is what allows for the crafting of case management, or a treatment plan, and marks these third generation risk/need assessment instruments as different than previous ones (Van Voorhis, 2005; Hannah-Moffat & Shaw, 2003). The static factors are typically referred to as the risks while the dynamic factors are typically referred to as criminogenic needs. According to Bonta (1996, pg. 23), “Criminogenic needs [the dynamic factors] are linked to criminal behavior.

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