By Beatrice Moring
This selection of essays appears to be like on the a number of ways that ladies have coped financially in a male-dominated international. Chapters specialize in Europe and Latin the US, and canopy the full of the trendy interval. The crucial argument of many participants is that, faraway from a few authorised stereotypes, ladies all through background haven't been passive in facing their monetary wishes, and that older girls specifically had extra supplier than has formerly been assumed.
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Extra resources for Female Economic Strategies in the Modern World (Perspectives in Economic and Social History)
Age distribution for simulated population from demographic micro-simulation programme CAMSIM, developed by Jim Oeppen when at the Cambridge Group. The proportions of middle aged widows (those aged forty–fifty-nine) and young widows (aged under forty) in the national population generally exceeded the proportions of middle aged and young widows on relief lists. This may indicate greater reluctance on the part of the Overseers of the Poor to assist younger widows and/or the fact that they might have been less in need of assistance than were older widows, earning more, and in the case of the middle aged, tapping some of the earnings of their adolescent children.
1796 c. 1796 c. 1796 c. 1796 c. 1796 c. 3 CAMSIM micro-simulation: Calculations by authors from simulations by Jim Oeppen, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock. Sources: Calculated from Pound (1971); Webb (1966); Wales (1984); Slack (1975); Baker (1973); photocopy of Census of Corfe Castle in Library of Cambridge Group; Erith (1978); Eden (1797). Age distribution for simulated population from demographic micro-simulation programme CAMSIM, developed by Jim Oeppen when at the Cambridge Group.
Labourers who had smaller households were in an even better posi- Widows, Family and Poor Relief in England 29 tion, spending less on bread and even more on meat. Analysis of the expenditure patterns of female headed households thus suggests their diets were more defective than those of labourers in the same community. 7). The reasons for the discrepancy are unclear. One possibility is that the way income and expenditure were calculated involved too much inaccuracy but another possibility is that widow headed households found it more difficult to purchase meat lacking contacts or the necessary credit.