Experimental Psychology by Barry Kantowitz, Henry Roediger, David Elmes

By Barry Kantowitz, Henry Roediger, David Elmes

Kantowitz, Roediger, and Elmes, all in demand researchers, take an example-based method of the basics of study technique. Their textual content is prepared by way of subject -- corresponding to learn in human elements, studying, pondering, and challenge fixing -- a distinct characteristic that is helping scholars attach the recommendations of sound technique with their functional functions. as the authors hire dozens of carefully-selected, real-world examples, scholars can see for themselves the problems and difficulties which may happen in undertaking learn. extra importantly, they could strengthen a feeling of ways to count on and modify for difficulties of their personal study.

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Psychologists can overload the human operator by presenting lights that blink faster than he or she can respond. Thus, this simple physical situation in a laboratory allows the psychologist to study failure of attention in a carefully controlled environment. In addition to the obvious safety benefits of studying attention without having to crash airplanes, there are many scientific advantages to the laboratory environment (see Chapter 3). Because failures of attention are responsible for many kinds of industrial accidents (DeGreene, 1970, Chapters 7 and 15), studies of attention by use of lights and buttons can lead to improvements outside the laboratory.

Scientific psychology is concerned with the methods and techniques used to understand why people think and act as they do. This curiosity may be satisfied by basic or applied research, which usually go hand in hand to provide understanding. 2. Our beliefs are often established by the method of authority, the method of tenacity, or the a priori method. The scientific method offers advantages over these other methods because it relies on systematic observation and is selfcorrecting. 3. Scientists use both inductive and deductive reasoning to arrive at explanations of thought and action.

The physical situations in the real world and the laboratory need not be at all similar, provided that the same processes are occurring. Suppose we would like to know why airplane accidents occur or, more specifically, what the relationship is between airplane accidents and failure of attention on the part of the pilot and/or the air traffic controller. A basic researcher might approach this problem by having college sophomores sit in front of several lights that turn on in rapid succession. The sophomore has to press a key as each light is illuminated.

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