By Prof. Dr. G. M. J. Veldkamp (auth.)
Read Online or Download EISS Yearbook 1980–1981 Part I / Annuaire EISS 1980–1981 Partie I: Social security reforms in Europe II / La réforme de la sécurité sociale en Europe II PDF
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Additional info for EISS Yearbook 1980–1981 Part I / Annuaire EISS 1980–1981 Partie I: Social security reforms in Europe II / La réforme de la sécurité sociale en Europe II
54 1. 71 1. 38 1. 02 2. 87 1. 01 1965 Taxes on genera 1 consumption A 4. 68 39 3. 35 -I. 86 -z. ~o 10. 25 -1. 92 Germany I re1and Italy Netherlands Norway Sweden United Kingdom Ave rage Range 3. 25 0. 76 1. 75 5. 77 34. 90 34. 38 8. 87 1. 96 8. 24 -4. 45 14 . 85 29. 74 6. 71 11 ;90 18. 36 -2. : Revenue Statistics of OECD Member Countries 1965-1975, OECD, Paris 1977. 10 France 1. 42 1965 Belgium 1975 lo~Sod•l """''' profits contributions oo ~_5~~t-A- r,~, and Tabte. 2. Tax. & 1965 and 1975: Tax.
There are more and more advocates in the Netherlands of introducing greater differentiation in the contributions for the various branches of industry, the contribution to the disablement insurance being a particular object of attention. It is hoped in this way that the allocation of costs can be improved so that there is an incentive to trace the causes of disablement and to combat them. The conclusion that labour-intensive enterprises are adversely affected if the social security system is financed by contributions cannot on the whole be endorsed.
The only observation that can be made is that despite having the highest percentage of employee contributions (see Figure 1), absenteeism and the number of disabled in the Netherlands is not proportionally lower than in other countries but quite the opposite in fact. It is possible that the relatively high level of benefits in the Netherlands accounts for this, but even then the high proportion of employee contributions apparently has no moderating effect on the claim to benefits. Some people say that financing the social security system from public funds makes it possibie to weigh ai i areas of public edpenciiture on a better basis.