"Scaffolding" is an idea that's changing into ordinary throughout disciplines. This e-book investigates universal threads in assorted purposes of scaffolding, together with theoretical biology, cognitive technological know-how, social idea, technology and know-how experiences, and human improvement. regardless of its common use, the concept that of scaffolding is frequently given brief shrift; the members to this quantity, from a variety of disciplines, supply a extra totally built research of scaffolding that highlights the position of temporal and transitority assets in improvement, commonly conceived, throughout techniques of tradition, cognition, and evolution.
The e-book emphasizes copy, repeated meeting, and entrenchment of heterogeneous kinfolk, components, and strategies as a supplement to neo-Darwinism within the developmentalist culture of conceptualizing evolutionary swap. After describing an integration of theoretical views that may accommodate diverse degrees of study and attach a variety of methodologies, the e-book discusses multilevel association; transformations (and reciprocality) among members and associations as devices of research; and views on improvement that span brains, careers, organisations, and cultural cycles.
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Extra info for Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition (Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology)
2005. Ecological dominance, social competition, and coalitionary arms races: Why humans evolved extraordinary intelligence. Evolution and Human Behavior 26:10–46. Gaddis, W. 2001. The Landscape of History. New Haven: Yale University Press. Gamble, C. 2007. Origins and Revolutions: Human Identity in Earliest Prehistory. New York: Cambridge University Press. , and D. Epel. 2009. Ecological Developmental Biology: Integrating Epigenetics, Medicine, and Evolution. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
Wilson. 1998. Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Sheets-Johnstone, M. 2011. The Primacy of Movement. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Sterelny, K. 2012. The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Thompson, E. 2007. Mind in Life: Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of Mind. Cambridge: Belknap Press. von Baer, K. 1828. Uber Entwicklungsgeschichte der Tiere: Beobachtung und Reflexion.
Empirical Tracking A key challenge in any kind of empirical or theoretical work is to pay attention (Griesemer 2007). Engagement and attention are required in order to observe, intervene in, or understand phenomena on relevant time and size scales. The same holds for tracking symbolic expressions in equation- or computer code, mathematical derivations, or computer simulations. Science isn’t easy because the world around us does not come prepackaged in objects, properties, events, processes, or activities of shapes, sizes, or durations to which we can continuously attend and engage, or to the extent we often need in order to gain understanding and control.