Delinquent Daughters: Protecting and Policing Adolescent by Mary E. Odem

By Mary E. Odem

Antisocial Daughters explores the gender, type, and racial tensions that fueled campaigns to regulate lady sexuality in past due 19th- and early twentieth-century the United States. Mary Odem appears to be like at those ethical reform activities from a countrywide standpoint, yet she additionally undertakes an in depth research of court docket documents to discover the neighborhood enforcement of regulatory laws in Alameda and l. a. Counties in California. From those criminal complaints emerge overlapping and infrequently contradictory perspectives of middle-class lady reformers, courtroom and police officers, working-class teenage women, and working-class parents.Odem lines special levels of ethical reform. the 1st started in 1885 with the flow to elevate the age of consent in statutory rape legislation as a method of shielding younger women from predatory males. via the flip of the century, despite the fact that, reformers had come to view sexually energetic ladies no longer as sufferers yet as delinquents, and so they known as for specified police, juvenile courts, and reformatories to manage wayward ladies. Rejecting an easy hierarchical version of sophistication regulate, Odem unearths a posh community of struggles and negotiations between reformers, officers, teenage women and their households. She additionally addresses the paradoxical results of reform via demonstrating that the protecting measures recommended via middle-class ladies usually led to coercive and discriminatory rules towards working-class ladies.

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Additional resources for Delinquent Daughters: Protecting and Policing Adolescent Female Sexuality in the United States, 1885-1920 (Gender and American Culture)

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In fact, some southern men responded to Emancipation and the granting of political rights to former slaves by assaulting African American women. They used rape as a tool of racial intimidation and control over freed blacks in the South. During the Memphis race riot of 1865,a white mob attacked and killed blacks, burned their homes and schools, and raped black women at gunpoint. In 1871the wife of a black radical Republican in Columbia, South Carolina, reported to a Congressional committee that Ku Klux Klan members had beaten her husband and gang-raped her to punish them for supporting the Republican Party.

We should regret any lynchings of the offenders by black men, but we shall not have occasion; should these offenders receive any punishment at all it will be a Given the extreme racial bias within both the legal system and the ranks of purity reformers, it is no wonder that black women did not join the age-of-consent movement and instead relied on education and self-help within their own communities to protect black girls from moral dangers. Although white purity reformers did not seek or receive the support of African Americans, they did generate considerable public support for their cause.

Led by Victoria Earle Mathews, the Woman's Loyal League of New York established the White Rose Home in 1897 to offer housing, training, and moral guidance to young black female migrants to the city. 47 Clubwomen and black ministers aimed to build the moral character of young men as well as women. Like white reformers, they were staunchly committed to a single standard of morality and sought to impress the men of their race with the importance of moral purity. At the Atlanta Exposition in 1895, members of the National Colored Woman's Congress, including Fannie Barrier Williams, Frances E.

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