By Kempe Ronald Sr. Hope;Hope
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Additional info for Corruption and Development in Africa: Lessons from Country Case Studies
It is not surprising therefore that it is this aspect of corruption that is most often cited as the justification for the unceremonial removal of African governments from office by the military. The third factor contributing to corruption in Africa stems from the second. Africa’s encounter with centralized economic decision-making and increasing state activity has been catastrophic, to say the least. This encounter has resulted in economic retardation and elusive development (Hope, 1997a; Ayittey, 1998).
However, the French firm offered a free presidential jet to Kenya’s President (Ayittey, 1992). Kenyan society as a whole was therefore made to bear the corruption opportunity cost. The second type of consequence of corruption in Africa relates to political development and stability. When corruption becomes part of the status quo, its maintenance tends to involve the use of repressive tactics through the state instruments for law and order. Political leaders, in whose own self-interest it is to maintain the patrimonial state, will suppress political opposition and public criticism of their behaviour.
New York: St Martin’s Press. J. J. Balogun and G. Mutahaba (eds), Economic Restructuring and African Public Administration. West Hartford: Kumarian Press. Bratton, M. (1997) ‘Deciphering Africa’s Divergent Transitions’, Political Science Quarterly 12(1): 67– 93. Brautigam, D. (1992) ‘Governance, Economy, and Foreign Aid’, Studies in Comparative International Development 27(3): 3–25. N. (1983) ‘Development and Governmental Corruption: Materialism and Political Fragmentation in Nigeria’, The Journal of Modern African Studies 21(2): 215–33.