Contemporary Philosophical Theology by Charles Taliaferro, Chad Meister

By Charles Taliaferro, Chad Meister

In Contemporary Philosophical Theology, Charles Taliaferro and Chad Meister concentrate on key themes in modern philosophical theology inside Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, in addition to Hinduism and Buddhism. the amount starts off with a dialogue of key methodological instruments on hand to the philosophical theologian, akin to religion and cause, technological know-how and faith, revelation and sacred scripture, and authority and culture. The authors use those instruments to discover topics together with language, ineffability, miracles, evil, and the afterlife. in addition they grapple with utilized philosophical theology, together with environmental matters, interreligious discussion, and the character and importance of political values. A concluding dialogue proposes that philosophical theology can give a contribution to big reflections and motion touching on weather change.

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But Scruton thinks these showings cannot involve God’s causal interaction with the world, for that would require God to be spatial and temporal. Because God cannot draw persons to recognize the divine, the explanation for why persons come to believe in God must be in causes that are biological, sociological, psychological, and so on.

As noted earlier, Fales contends that if philosophical theologians appeal to certain divine attributes such as omnipotence in an attempt to account for divine action, they are engaging in a kind of magic trick. Yet Fales’s characterization of omnipotence as a purely dispositional property in search of a categorical property is misleading at best, insofar as traditional theism sees God’s powers (of knowledge and to bring about states of affairs) as basic, and not due to the causal powers of any intermediary.

This is hinted at in the 2006 A Dictionary of Philosophy (Blackwell) when the entry for “Supernatural” specifies that nothing supernatural can be disclosed or discovered by anyone at all: If scientists or non-scientists discover a new type of wave, a new force, a strange phenomenon in a remote galaxy, the very fact that it was there to be discovered makes it a natural phenomenon which may in due course be described in science textbooks. Supernatural beings run no risk of having their existence disclosed by scientific or everyday observation.

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