Cognitive Ecology of Pollination: Animal Behaviour and by Lars Chittka, James D. Thomson

By Lars Chittka, James D. Thomson

Very important breakthroughs have lately been made in our knowing of the cognitive and sensory skills of pollinators, reminiscent of how pollinators understand, memorize, and react to floral signs and rewards; how they paintings plants, stream between inflorescences, and shipping pollen. those new findings have noticeable implications for the evolution of floral exhibit and variety, yet so much current guides are scattered throughout quite a lot of journals in very various examine traditions. This ebook brings jointly amazing students from many various fields of pollination biology, integrating the paintings of neuroethologists and evolutionary ecologists to offer a multidisciplinary procedure.

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Extra resources for Cognitive Ecology of Pollination: Animal Behaviour and Floral Evolution

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1997) found that the achromatic signal is more pronounced in the densely grouped Mediterranean flowers 25 26 randolf menzel than in the sparsely distributed desert flowers, whereas the color signal does not differ between the species in these two habitats. It is possible that bees mainly use their spatial memory to spot sparsely growing desert plants. Desert plants may thus rely less on their own green-contrast signals for the intermediate range of detection than densely blooming plants in the Mediterranean habitat do.

Gegear and terence m. laverty Floral diversity in communities An attractive proposition is that pollinator behavior, through the benefits of constancy, has selected for divergence of floral traits among co-occurring outcrossed plants. Plant species that competed with each other because they shared pollinators that were inconstant could be “moved” by natural selection to a more isolated location (phenotype) in the space defined by floral traits and sensorimotor learning capabilities of pollinators. This floral-trait niche could represent many dimensions, as long as they interacted to influence sensorimotor learning.

Different memories may determine choice behavior at these different intervals. Evidence for different memory phases in the honeybee comes from behavioral, neurophysiological, and biochemical studies (Menzel & Müller 1996; Menzel 1999). The concept emerging from these results assumes five sequential stages during the process of memory formation (Fig. 2a). Consolidation from early to late memory stages is time- and event-dependent, meaning that both elapsing time and new experience during the process of consolidation define the speed of transfer between the memory phases.

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