Classical Nashville: Athens of the South by Christine M. Kreyling, Wesley Paine, Charles W. Warterfield,

By Christine M. Kreyling, Wesley Paine, Charles W. Warterfield, Susan Ford Wiltshire

At the get together of Tennessee's Bicentennial, 4 exceptional authors supply new insights and a broader appreciation of the classical impacts that experience formed the architectural, cultural, and academic background of its capital urban. Nashville has been many stuff: frontier city, Civil warfare battleground, New South mecca, and track urban, U.S.A. it really is headquarters for a number of non secular denominations, and in addition the house of a few of the biggest coverage, healthcare, and publishing issues within the kingdom. situated culturally in addition to geographically among North and South, East and West, Nashville is founded in an internet of often-competing contradictions. One binding picture of civic identification, notwithstanding, has been constant via all of Nashville's historical past: the classical Greek and Roman beliefs of schooling, paintings, and group participation that early on resulted in the city's sobriquet, "Athens of the West," and finally, with the settling of the territory past the Mississippi River, the "Athens of the South." Illustrated with approximately 100 archival and modern pictures, Classical Nashville exhibits how Nashville earned that appellation via its adoption of classical metaphors in different components: its academic and literary background, from the 1st academies in the course of the institution of the Fugitive circulation at Vanderbilt; the classicism of the city's public structure, together with its Capitol and legislative structures; the evolution of neoclassicism in houses and personal structures; and the background and present country of the Parthenon, the last word image of classical Nashville, replete with the awe-inspiring 42-foot statue of Athena by means of sculptor Alan LeQuire.Perhaps Nashville writer John Egerton most sensible captures the essence of this contemporary urban with its strong roots long ago. He locations Nashville "somewhere among the 'Athens of the West' and 'Music urban, U.S.A.,' among the dirt of a railroad city and the glitz of Opryland, among Robert Penn Warren and Robert Altman." Nashville's classical identifications have regularly been forward-looking, instead of antiquarian: bold, democratic, entrepreneurial, and culturally significant. Classical Nashville celebrates the continuation of classical beliefs in present-day Nashville, beliefs that serve no longer as monuments to a misplaced prior, yet as assets of power, creativity, and mind's eye for the way forward for a urban.

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From an early period in America, Presbyterianism maintained high educational standards for its ministers. The synod in 1761, at that time the highest jurisdiction of the denomination, ruled that after students had obtained a college degree, which included intense study of the classical languages, they must then study with some minister for a year in an apprenticeship. 22 Such strict educational requirements often were not practical in the frontier lands of Kentucky and Tennessee. With the onset of the Great Revival and the subsequent increased demand for preachers, the requirements were sometimes waived.

Strickland fashioned a building that articulated in three dimensions what an Athenian style could contribute to public life. S. Capitol and most of the state capitol designs, because of his belief that the proportions of Greek temples represented eternal principles of wisdom, strength, and beauty. All of this lay behind the choice of the Parthenon as Nashville's contribution to the Tennessee Centennial Exposition in 1897. ) The original replica of the Parthenon, constructed of brick, lath, and plaster, was rebuilt in more permanent materials in the 1920s.

In 1875 with the help of the Peabody Education Fund, Lindsley turned the University of Nashville into an institution for the training of teachers. After 1889 it was renamed Peabody Normal College and in 1905 became known as the George Peabody College for Teachers. The College retained its independence until it became part of Vanderbilt University in 1979. D. in Latin was offered at Peabody College until the mid-1940s. Like his father, John Berrien Lindsley was also an ordained Presbyterian clergyman.

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