By Shogo Suzuki
This ebook seriously examines the impact of foreign Society on East Asia, and the way its makes an attempt to introduce ‘civilization’ to ‘barbarous’ polities contributed to clash among China and Japan.
Challenging latest works that experience provided the growth of (European) overseas Society as a revolutionary, linear method, this e-book contends that imperialism – besides an ideology premised on ‘civilising’ ‘barbarous’ peoples – performed a important function in its ancient improvement. contemplating how those components of overseas Society affected China and Japan’s access into it, Shogo Suzuki contends that such states envisaged a Janus-faced foreign Society, which at the same time aimed for cooperative kinfolk between its ‘civilized’ contributors and for the creation of ‘civilization’ in the direction of non-European polities, frequently by way of coercive ability. via analyzing the advanced approach during which China and Japan engaged with this dualism, this publication highlights a darker aspect of China and Japan’s socialization into foreign Society which past reports have didn't acknowledge.
Drawing on chinese language and eastern fundamental resources seldom used in diplomacy, this e-book makes a compelling case for revising our understandings of overseas Society and its growth. This ebook might be of sturdy curiosity to scholars and researcher of diplomacy, overseas heritage, ecu reports and Asian Studies.
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Additional info for Civilization and Empire: China and Japan's Encounter with European International Society
The ﬁrst step taken is a simple one that is informed by the historical context of the late nineteenth century. In light of the dualities inherent within the Society, it is more fruitful to conceptualize China and Japan’s socialization process as an engagement with a Janus-faced European International Society. As ‘semicivilized’ entities, both states encountered the modes of interaction that aimed for coexistence among ‘civilized’ states and ‘civilizing’ the ‘backward’ polities. Chinese and Japanese attempts to gain admission to the Society (provided that they sought to do so) are most likely to have involved the adoption of certain characteristics of both faces of the Society.
54 The ‘achievements of the West’ (including the institutions of International Society) and the English School’s implicit conﬁdence in them ‘supply a universal yardstick by which to assess the degree of development of other societies’ within English School accounts,55 and this results in depicting the expansion of the Society as a global spread of ‘progressive’ elements of International Society (particularly international law and European-style diplomacy) that promote order and coexistence. Even when the role played by European imperialism in the expansion of the Society is acknowledged, how this may have aﬀected the non-European states’ socialization remains underexplored.
29 The belief in the inevitable progress of humankind led by the White/European race also created what John M. Hobson calls the ‘Peter Pan theory’ of the East, which conjured up a romantic image of the Other as more helpless than cruel, as well as being alluring, promiscuous and exotic. 31 Socialization into International Society 19 Historical realities are of course often more complex, and late nineteenthcentury European International Society was no exception. It should be acknowledged that despite the fact that the mode of interaction that governed the ‘civilized’ European states aimed for some form of coexistence, by the time China and Japan’s socialization into European International Society was taking place, the system of maintaining the balance of power within Europe through a great power Concert had been seriously eroded.